Imaginal Discs: The Genetic and Cellular Logic of Pattern Formation
by Lewis I. Held, Jr.

Alphabetical list of references:

A (1-157) | B (158-585) | C (586-934) | D (935-1129) | E (1130-1179) | F (1180-1336) | G (1337-1661)

H (1662-1957) | I-J (1958-2107) | K (2108-2375) | L (2376-2630) | M (2631-3024) | N (3025-3153) | O (3154-3218)

P (3219-3478) | Q-R (3479-3716) | S (3717-4226) | T (4227-4413) | U-V (4414-4507) | W (4508-4769) | X-Z (4770-4900)

Bibliography - S (3717-4226)

3717. Sackerson, C., Fujioka, M., and Goto, T. (1999). The even-skipped locus is contained in a 16-kb chromatin domain. Dev. Biol. 211, 39-52.

3718. Saebøe-Larssen, S., Lyamouri, M., Merriam, J., Oksvold, M.P., and Lambertsson, A. (1998). Ribosomal protein insufficiency and the Minute syndrome in Drosophila: a dose-response relationship. Genetics 148, 1215-1224.

3719. Saenz-Robles, M.T., Maschat, F., Tabata, T., Scott, M.P., and Kornberg, T.B. (1995). Selection and characterization of sequences with high affinity for the engrailed protein of Drosophila. Mechs. Dev. 53, 185-195.

3720. Saez, L. and Young, M.W. (1996). Regulation of nuclear entry of the Drosophila clock proteins Period and Timeless. Neuron 17, 911-920.

3721. Saget, O., Forquignon, F., Santamaria, P., and Randsholt, N.B. (1998). Needs and targets for the multi sex combs gene product in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 149, 1823-1838.

3722. Sahut-Barnola, I., Godt, D., Laski, F.A., and Couderc, J.-L. (1995). Drosophila ovary morphogenesis: analysis of terminal filament formation and identification of a gene required for this process. Dev. Biol. 170, 127-135.

3723. Saint, R., Kalionis, B., Lockett, T.J., and Elizur, A. (1988). Pattern formation in the developing eye of Drosophila melanogaster is regulated by the homeo-box gene, rough. Nature 334, 151-154.

3724. Sakanaka, C., Leong, P., Xu, L., Harrison, S.D., and Williams, L.T. (1999). Casein kinase 1e in the Wnt pathway: regulation of beta-catenin function. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 12548-12552.

3725. Salcini, A.E., Confalonieri, S., Doria, M., Santolini, E., Tassi, E., Minenkova, O., Cesareni, G., Pelicci, P.G., and Di Fiore, P.P. (1997). Binding specificity and in vivo targets of the EH domain, a novel protein-protein interaction module. Genes Dev. 11, 2239-2249.

3726. Salecker, I., Clandinin, T.R., and Zipursky, S.L. (1998). Hedgehog and Spitz: making a match between photoreceptor axons and their targets. Cell 95, 587-590.

3727. Salser, S.J. and Kenyon, C. (1996). A C. elegans Hox gene switches on, off, on and off again to regulate proliferation, differentiation and morphogenesis. Development 122, 1651-1661.

3728. Salzberg, A., D'Evelyn, D., Schulze, K.L., Lee, J.-K., Strumpf, D., Tsai, L., and Bellen, H.J. (1994). Mutations affecting the pattern of the PNS in Drosophila reveal novel aspects of neuronal development. Neuron 13, 269-287.

3729. Samakovlis, C., Hacohen, N., Manning, G., Sutherland, D.C., Guillemin, K., and Krasnow, M.A. (1996). Development of the Drosophila tracheal system occurs by a series of morphologically distinct but genetically coupled branching events. Development 122, 1395-1407.

3730. Sampedro, J., Johnston, P., and Lawrence, P.A. (1993). A role for wingless in the segmental gradient of Drosophila? Development 117, 677-687.

3731. Samson, M.-L. (1998). Evidence for 3' untranslated region-dependent autoregulation of the Drosophila gene encoding the neuronal nuclear RNA-binding protein ELAV. Genetics 150, 723-733.

3732. Sánchez, L., Casares, F., Gorfinkiel, N., and Guerrero, I. (1997). The genital disc of Drosophila melanogaster. II. Role of the genes hedgehog, decapentaplegic and wingless. Dev. Genes Evol. 207, 229-241.

3733. Sánchez, L., Gorfinkiel, N., and Guerrero, I. (2001). Sex determination genes control the development of the Drosophila genital disc, modulating the response to Hedgehog, Wingless and Decapentaplegic signals. Development 128, 1033-1043.

3734. Sánchez, L. and Nöthiger, R. (1983). Sex determination and dosage compensation in Drosophila melanogaster: production of male clones in XX females. EMBO J. 2, 485-491.

3735. Sánchez-García, I., Osada, H., Forster, A., and Rabbitts, T.H. (1993). The cysteine-rich LIM domains inhibit DNA binding by the associated homeodomain in Isl-1. EMBO J. 12, 4243-4250.

3736. Sánchez-García, I. and Rabbitts, T.H. (1994). The LIM domain: a new structural motif found in zinc-finger-like proteins. Trends Genet. 10, 315-320.

3737. Sánchez-Herrero, E. (1988). Heads or tails?: a homeotic gene for both. Trends Genet. 4, 119-120.

3738. Sánchez-Herrero, E. (1991). Control of the expression of the bithorax complex genes abdominal-A and Abdominal-B by cis-regulatory regions in Drosophila embryos. Development 111, 437-449.

3739. Sánchez-Herrero, E., Couso, J.P., Capdevila, J., and Guerrero, I. (1996). The fu gene discriminates between pathways to control dpp expression in Drosophila imaginal discs. Mechs. Dev. 55, 159-170.

3740. Sánchez-Herrero, E., Vernós, I., Marco, R., and Morata, G. (1985). Genetic organization of Drosophila bithorax complex. Nature 313, 108-113.

3741. Sander, K. (1991). Wilhelm Roux and the rest: developmental theories 1885-1895. Roux's Arch. Dev. Biol. 200, 297-299.

3742. Sander, K. (1992). Hans Driesch the critical mechanist: "Analytische Theorie der organischen Entwicklung". Roux's Arch. Dev. Biol. 201, 331-333.

3743. Sander, K. (1993). Entelechy and the ontogenetic machine--work and views of Hans Driesch from 1895 to 1910. Roux's Arch. Dev. Biol. 202, 67-69.

3744. Sander, K. (1994). Of gradients and genes: developmental concepts of Theodor Boveri and his students. Roux's Arch. Dev. Biol. 203, 295-297.

3745. Sander, K. (1996). Hilde Mangold (1898-1924) and Spemann's organizer: achievement and tragedy. Roux's Arch. Dev. Biol. 205, 323-332.

3746. Sang, J.H. (1961). Environmental control of mutant expression. In "Insect Polymorphism", Symp. Roy. Entomol. Soc. Lond., Vol. 1 (J.S. Kennedy, ed.). E. W. Classey: Farington, Oxon, U.K., pp. 91-102.

3747. Sanicola, M., Sekelsky, J., Elson, S., and Gelbart, W.M. (1995). Drawing a stripe in Drosophila imaginal disks: negative regulation of decapentaplegic and patched expression by engrailed. Genetics 139, 745-756.

3748. Sanson, B., Alexandre, C., Fascetti, N., and Vincent, J.-P. (1999). Engrailed and Hedgehog make the range of Wingless asymmetric in Drosophila embryos. Cell 98, 207-216.

3749. Sanson, B., White, P., and Vincent, J.-P. (1996). Uncoupling cadherin-based adhesion from wingless signalling in Drosophila. Nature 383, 627-630.

3750. Santamaria, P. (1983). Analysis of haploid mosaics in Drosophila. Dev. Biol. 96, 285-295.

3751. Santamaría, P. (1979). Heat shock induced phenocopies of dominant mutants of the Bithorax Complex in Drosophila melanogaster. Mol. Gen. Genet. 172, 161-163.

3752. Santamaría, P. (1998). Genesis versus epigenesis: the odd jobs of the Polycomb group of genes. Int. J. Dev. Biol. 42, 463-469.

3753. Santamaria, P., Deatrick, J., and Randsholt, N.B. (1989). Pattern triplications following genetic ablation on the wing of Drosophila: Effect of eliminating the polyhomeotic gene. Roux's Arch. Dev. Biol. 198, 65-77.

3754. Santamaría, P. and Gans, M. (1980). Chimaeras of Drosophila melanogaster obtained by injection of haploid nuclei. Nature 287, 143-144.

3755. Santamaría, P. and Randsholt, N.B. (1995). Characterization of a region of the X chromosome of Drosophila including multi sex combs (mxc), a Polycomb group gene which also functions as a tumour suppressor. Mol. Gen. Genet. 246, 282-290.

3756. Santarén, J.F., Assiego, R., and García-Bellido, A. (1993). Patterns of protein synthesis in the imaginal discs of Drosophila melanogaster: a comparison between different discs and stages. Roux's Arch. Dev. Biol. 203, 131-139.

3757. Santolini, E., Puri, C., Salcini, A.E., Gagliani, M.C., Pelicci, P.G., Tacchetti, C., and Di Fiore, P.P. (2000). Numb is an endocytic protein. J. Cell Biol. 151, 1345-1351.

3758. Sapir, A., Schweitzer, R., and Shilo, B.-Z. (1998). Sequential activation of the EGF receptor pathway during Drosophila oogenesis establishes the dorsoventral axis. Development 125, 191-200.

3759. Sasai, Y., Kageyama, R., Tagawa, Y., Shigemoto, R., and Nakanishi, S. (1992). Two mammalian helix-loop-helix factors structurally related to Drosophila hairy and Enhancer of split. Genes Dev. 6, 2620-2634.

3760. Sass, G., Fehr, K., and Lucchesi, J.C. (2001). The chromatin-remodeling MSL complex of Drosophila spreads in cis to activated loci on the X chromosome. Proc. 42nd Ann. Drosophila Res. Conf. Abstracts Vol., a89.

3761. Sathe, S.S. and Harte, P.J. (1995). The Drosophila extra sex combs protein contains WD motifs essential for its function as a repressor of homeotic genes. Mechs. Dev. 52, 77-87.

3762. Sato, A., Kojima, T., Ui-Tei, K., Miyata, Y., and Saigo, K. (1999). Dfrizzled-3, a new Drosophila Wnt receptor, acting as an attenuator of Wingless signaling in wingless hypomorphic mutants. Development 126, 4421-4430.

3763. Sato, M., Kojima, T., Michiue, T., and Saigo, K. (1999). Bar homeobox genes are latitudinal prepattern genes in the developing Drosophila notum whose expression is regulated by the concerted functions of decapentaplegic and wingless. Development 126, 1457-1466.

3764. Sato, M. and Saigo, K. (2000). Involvement of pannier and u-shaped in regulation of Decapentaplegic-dependent wingless expression in developing Drosophila notum. Mechs. Dev. 93, 127-138.

3765. Sato, T. (1984). A new homoeotic mutation affecting antennae and legs. Dros. Info. Serv. 60, 180-182.

3766. Sato, T. and Denell, R.E. (1985). Homoeosis in Drosophila: anterior and posterior transformations of Polycomb lethal embryos. Dev. Biol. 110, 53-64.

3767. Satoh, N. (1982). Timing mechanisms in early embryonic development. Differentiation 22, 156-163.

3768. Sauer, F. and Jäckle, H. (1995). Heterodimeric Drosophila gap gene protein complexes acting as transcriptional repressors. EMBO J. 14, 4773-4780.

3769. Sauer, R.T. (1990). Scissors and helical forks. Nature 347, 514-515.

3770. Saulier-Le Dréan, B., Nasiadka, A., Dong, J., and Krause, H.M. (1998). Dynamic changes in the functions of Odd-skipped during early Drosophila embryogenesis. Development 125, 4851-4861.

3771. Sawamoto, K., Okabe, M., Tanimura, T., Mikoshiba, K., Nishida, Y., and Okano, H. (1996). The Drosophila secreted protein Argos regulates signal transduction in the Ras/MAPK pathway. Dev. Biol. 178, 13-22.

3772. Sawamoto, K., Okano, H., Kobayakawa, Y., Hayashi, S., Mikoshiba, K., and Tanimura, T. (1994). The function of argos in regulating cell fate decisions during Drosophila eye and wing vein development. Dev. Biol. 164, 267-276.

3773. Scandalios, J.G. and Wright, T.R.F., ed. (1990). "Genetic Regulatory Hierarchies in Development." Advances in Genetics, Vol. 27. Acad. Pr., New York.

3774. Scanga, S., Gupta, R., Nohyenk, D., and Manoukian, A. (2001). Regulation of the Wingless morphogen gradient by heparin-like glycosaminoglycans. Proc. 42nd Ann. Drosophila Res. Conf. Abstracts Vol., a149.

3775. Scanga, S., Manoukian, A., and Larsen, E. (1995). Time- and concentration-dependent response of the Drosophila antenna imaginal disc to Antennapedia. Dev. Biol. 169, 673-682.

3776. Schaefer, M., Petronczki, M., Dorner, D., Forte, M. and Knoblich, J. A. (2001). Heterotrimeric G proteins direct two modes of asymmetric cell division in the Drosophila nervous system. Cell 107, 183-194.

3777. Schaefer, M., Shevchenko, A., Shevchenko, A., and Knoblich, J.A. (2000). A protein complex containing Inscuteable and the Ga-binding protein Pins orients asymmetric cell divisions in Drosophila. Curr. Biol. 10, 353-362.

3778. Scheffzek, K., Ahmadian, M.R., Kabsch, W., Wiesmüller, L., Lautwein, A., Schmitz, F., and Wittinghofer, A. (1997). The Ras-RasGAP complex: structural basis for GTPase activation and its loss in oncogenic Ras mutants. Science 277, 333-338.

3779. Schejter, E.D., Segal, D., Glazer, L., and Shilo, B.-Z. (1986). Alternative 5' exons and tissue-specific expression of the Drosophila EGF receptor homolog transcripts. Cell 46, 1091-1101.

3780. Schejter, E.D. and Shilo, B.-Z. (1989). The Drosophila EGF receptor homolog (DER) gene is allelic to faint little ball, a locus essential for embryonic development. Cell 56, 1093-1104.

3781. Schlake, T., Schorpp, M., and Boehm, T. (2000). Formation of regulator/target gene relationships during evolution. Gene 256, 29-34.

3782. Schlessinger, J. (1993). How receptor tyrosine kinases activate Ras. Trends Biochem. Sci. 18, 273-275.

3783. Schlessinger, J. (2000). Cell signaling by receptor tyrosine kinases. Cell 103, 211-225.

3784. Schlessinger, J., Plotnikov, A.N., Ibrahimi, O.A., Eliseenkova, A.V., Yeh, B.K., Yayon, A., Linhardt, R.J., and Mohammadi, M. (2000). Crystal structure of a ternary FGF-FGFR-heparin complex reveals a dual role for heparin in FGFR binding and dimerization. Molec. Cell 6, 743-750.

3785. Schlessinger, J. and Ullrich, A. (1992). Growth factor signaling by receptor tyrosine kinases. Neuron 9, 383-391.

3786. Schmeichel, K.L. and Beckerle, M.C. (1994). The LIM domain is a modular protein-binding interface. Cell 79, 211-219.

3787. Schmid, A.T., Tinley, T.L., and Yedvobnick, B. (1996). Transcription of the neurogenic gene mastermind during Drosophila development. J. Exp. Zool. 274, 207-220.

3788. Schmid, H. (1985). Transdetermination in the homeotic eye-antenna imaginal disc of Drosophila melanogaster. Dev. Biol. 107, 28-37.

3789. Schmid, H., Gendre, N., and Stocker, R.F. (1986). Surgical generation of supernumerary appendages for studying neuronal specificity in Drosophila melanogaster. Dev. Biol. 113, 160-173.

3790. Schmidt, K. (1994). A puzzle: how similar signals yield different effects. Science 266, 566-567.

3791. Schmidt-Ott, U., González-Gaitán, M., and Technau, G.M. (1995). Analysis of neural elements in head-mutant Drosophila embryos suggests segmental origin of the optic lobes. Roux's Arch. Dev. Biol. 205, 31-44.

3792. Schmidt-Ott, U. and Technau, G.M. (1994). Fate-mapping in the procephalic region of the embryonic Drosophila head. Roux's Arch. Dev. Biol. 203, 367-373.

3793. Schmucker, D., Clemens, J.C., Shu, H., Worby, C.A., Xiao, J., Muda, M., Dixon, J.E., and Zipursky, S.L. (2000). Drosophila Dscam is an axon guidance receptor exhibiting extraordinary molecular diversity. Cell 101, 671-684.

3794. Schneiderman, H.A. (1969). Control systems in insect development. In "Biology and the Physical Sciences", (S. Devons, ed.). Columbia Univ. Pr.: New York, pp. 186-208.

3795. Schneiderman, H.A. (1976). New ways to probe pattern formation and determination in insects. In "Insect Development", Symp. Roy. Entomol. Soc. Lond., Vol. 8 (P.A. Lawrence, ed.). Wiley: New York, pp. 3-34.

3796. Schneiderman, H.A. (1979). Pattern formation and determination in insects. In "Mechanisms of Cell Change", (J. Ebert and T. Okada, ed.). Wiley: New York, pp. 243-272.

3797. Schneiderman, H.A. and Bryant, P.J. (1971). Genetic analysis of developmental mechanisms in Drosophila. Nature 234, 187-194.

3798. Schneitz, K., Spielmann, P., and Noll, M. (1993). Molecular genetics of aristaless, a prd-type homeo box gene involved in the morphogenesis of proximal and distal pattern elements in a subset of appendages in Drosophila. Genes Dev. 7, 114-129.

3799. Schnell, S. and Maini, P.K. (2000). Clock and induction model for somitogenesis. Dev. Dynamics 217, 415-420.

3800. Schnepp, B., Donaldson, T., Grumbling, G., Ostrowski, S., Schweitzer, R., Shilo, B.-Z., and Simcox, A. (1998). EGF domain swap converts a Drosophila EGF receptor activator into an inhibitor. Genes Dev. 12, 908-913.

3801. Schnepp, B., Grumbling, G., Donaldson, T., and Simcox, A. (1996). Vein is a novel component in the Drosophila epidermal growth factor receptor pathway with similarity to the neuregulins. Genes Dev. 10, 2302-2313.

3802. Schneuwly, S., Klemenz, R., and Gehring, W.J. (1987). Redesigning the body plan of Drosophila by ectopic expression of the homoeotic gene Antennapedia. Nature 325, 816-818.

3803. Schober, M., Schaefer, M., and Knoblich, J.A. (1999). Bazooka recruits Inscuteable to orient asymmetric cell divisions in Drosophila neuroblasts. Nature 402, 548-551.

3804. Scholz, H., Deatrick, J., Klaes, A., and Klämbt, C. (1993). Genetic dissection of pointed, a Drosophila gene encoding two ETS-related proteins. Genetics 135, 455-468.

3805. Schroeter, E.H., Kisslinger, J.A., and Kopan, R. (1998). Notch-1 signalling requires ligand-induced proteolytic release of intracellular domain. Nature 393, 382-386.

3806. Schrons, H., Knust, E., and Campos-Ortega, J.A. (1992). The Enhancer of split Complex and adjacent genes in the 96F region of Drosophila melanogaster are required for segregation of neural and epidermal progenitor cells. Genetics 132, 481-503.

3807. Schubiger, G. (1968). Anlageplan, Determinationszustand und Transdeterminationsleistungen der männlichen Vorderbeinscheibe von Drosophila melanogaster. W. Roux' Arch. Entw.-Mech. Org. 160, 9-40.

3808. Schubiger, G. (1971). Regeneration, duplication and transdetermination in fragments of the leg disc of Drosophila melanogaster. Dev. Biol. 26, 277-295.

3809. Schubiger, G. (1974). Acquisition of differentiative competence in the imaginal leg discs of Drosophila. W. Roux' Arch. 174, 303-311.

3810. Schubiger, G. and Alpert, G.D. (1975). Regeneration and duplication in a temperature sensitive homeotic mutant of Drosophila melanogaster. Dev. Biol. 42, 292-304.

3811. Schubiger, G. and Schubiger, M. (1978). Distal transformation in Drosophila leg imaginal disc fragments. Dev. Biol. 67, 286-295.

3812. Schubiger, M. and Palka, J. (1985). Genetic suppression of putative guidepost cells: effect on establishment of nerve pathways in Drosophila wings. Dev. Biol. 108, 399-410.

3813. Schubiger, M. and Palka, J. (1987). Changing spatial patterns of DNA replication in the developing wing of Drosophila. Dev. Biol. 123, 145-153.

3814. Schubiger, M. and Truman, J.W. (2000). The RXR ortholog USP suppresses early metamorphic processes in Drosophila in the absence of ecdysteroids. Development 127, 1151-1159.

3815. Schulz, C. and Tautz, D. (1995). Zygotic caudal regulation by hunchback and its role in abdominal segment formation of the Drosophila embryo. Development 121, 1023-1028.

3816. Schüpbach, T. and Wieschaus, E. (1998). Probing for gene specificity in epithelial development. Int. J. Dev. Biol. 42, 249-255.

3817. Schüpbach, T., Wieschaus, E., and Nöthiger, R. (1978). The embryonic organization of the genital disc studied in genetic mosaics of Drosophila melanogaster. W. Roux's Arch. 185, 249-270.

3818. Schwartz, C., Locke, J., Nishida, C., and Kornberg, T.B. (1995). Analysis of cubitus interruptus regulation in Drosophila embryos and imaginal disks. Development 121, 1625-1635.

3819. Schwarz-Sommer, Z., Huijser, P., Nacken, W., Saedler, H., and Sommer, H. (1990). Genetic control of flower development by homeotic genes in Antirrhinum majus. Science 250, 931-936.

3820. Schweisguth, F. (1995). Suppressor of Hairless is required for signal reception during lateral inhibition in the Drosophila pupal notum. Development 121, 1875-1884.

3821. Schweisguth, F. (1999). Dominant-negative mutation in the beta2 and beta6 proteasome subunit genes affect alternative cell fate decisions in the Drosophila sense organ lineage. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 11382-11386.

3822. Schweisguth, F. (2000). Cell polarity: Fixing cell polarity with Pins. Curr. Biol. 10, R265-R267.

3823. Schweisguth, F., Gho, M., and Lecourtois, M. (1996). Control of cell fate choices by lateral signaling in the adult peripheral nervous system of Drosophila melanogaster. Dev. Genet. 18, 28-39.

3824. Schweisguth, F. and Lecourtois, M. (1998). The activity of Drosophila Hairless is required in pupae but not in embryos to inhibit Notch signal transduction. Dev. Genes Evol. 208, 19-27.

3825. Schweisguth, F., Nero, P., and Posakony, J.W. (1994). The sequence similarity of the Drosophila Suppressor of Hairless protein to the integrase domain has no functional significance in vivo. Dev. Biol. 166, 812-814.

3826. Schweisguth, F. and Posakony, J.W. (1992). Suppressor of Hairless, the Drosophila homolog of the mouse recombination signal-binding protein gene, controls sensory organ cell fates. Cell 69, 1199-1212.

3827. Schweisguth, F. and Posakony, J.W. (1994). Antagonistic activities of Suppressor of Hairless and Hairless control alternative cell fates in the Drosophila adult epidermis. Development 120, 1433-1441.

3828. Schweitzer, R., Howes, R., Smith, R., Shilo, B.-Z., and Freeman, M. (1995). Inhibition of Drosophila EGF receptor activation by the secreted protein Argos. Nature 376, 699-702.

3829. Schweitzer, R., Shaharabany, M., Seger, R., and Shilo, B.-Z. (1995). Secreted Spitz triggers the DER signaling pathway and is a limiting component in embryonic ventral ectoderm determination. Genes Dev. 9, 1518-1529.

3830. Schweitzer, R. and Shilo, B.-Z. (1997). A thousand and one roles for the Drosophila EGF receptor. Trends Genet. 13, 191-196.

3831. Schweizer, L. and Basler, K. (1998). Drosophila ciD encodes a hybrid Pangolin/Cubitus interruptus protein that diverts the Wingless into the Hedgehog signaling pathway. Mechs. Dev. 78, 141-151.

3832. Schwenk, H. (1947). Untersuchungen über die Entwicklung der Borsten bei Drosophila. Nachr. Akad. Wiss. Göttingen, Math-physik. Kl. IIb, Biol.-Physiol.-Chem. Abt. (1947), 14-16.

3833. Schwyter, D.H., Huang, J.-D., Dubnicoff, T., and Courey, A.J. (1995). The decapentaplegic core promoter region plays an integral role in the spatial control of transcription. Mol. Cell. Biol. 15, 3960-3968.

3834. Scott, J.D. and Pawson, T. (2000). Cell communication: the inside story. Sci. Am. 282 #6, 72-79.

3835. Scott, K., Brady, R., Jr., Cravchik, A., Morozov, P., Rzhetsky, A., Zuker, C., and Axel, R. (2001). A chemosensory gene family encoding candidate gustatory and olfactory receptors in Drosophila. Cell 104, 661-673.

3836. Scott, M.P. (1985). Molecules and puzzles from the antennapedia homoeotic gene complex of Drosophila. Trends Genet. 1, 74-80.

3837. Scott, M.P. (1986). More on the homeobox. BioEssays 5, 88-89.

3838. Scott, M.P. (1987). Complex loci of Drosophila. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 56, 195-227.

3839. Scott, M.P. (1992). Vertebrate homeobox gene nomenclature. Cell 71, 551-553.

3840. Scott, M.P. (1994). Intimations of a creature. Cell 79, 1121-1124.

3841. Scott, M.P. (1997). A common language. Cold Spr. Harb. Symp. Quant. Biol. 62, 555-562.

3842. Scott, M.P. (1999). Hox proteins reach out round DNA. Nature 397, 649-651.

3843. Scott, M.P. and Carroll, S.B. (1987). The segmentation and homeotic gene network in early Drosophila development. Cell 51, 689-698.

3844. Scott, M.P. and Weiner, A.J. (1984). Structural relationships among genes that control development: sequence homology between the Antennapedia, Ultrabithorax, and fushi tarazu loci of Drosophila. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81, 4115-4119.

3845. Scowcroft, W.R., Green, M.M., and Latter, B.D.H. (1968). Dosage at the scute locus, and canalisation of anterior and posterior scutellar bristles in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 60, 373-388.

3846. Sears, R., Leone, G., DeGregori, J., and Nevins, J.R. (1999). Ras enhances Myc protein stability. Molec. Cell 3, 169-179.

3847. Sedkov, Y., Tillib, S., Mizrokhi, L., and Mazo, A. (1994). The bithorax complex is regulated by trithorax earlier during Drosophila embryogenesis than is the Antennapedia complex, correlating with a bithorax-like expression pattern of distinct early trithorax transcripts. Development 120, 1907-1917.

3848. Sedlak, B.J., Manzo, R., and Stevens, M. (1984). Localized cell death in Drosophila imaginal wing disc epithelium caused by the mutation apterous-blot. Dev. Biol. 104, 489-496.

3849. Seeling, J.M., Miller, J.R., Gil, R., Moon, R.T., White, R., and Virshup, D.M. (1999). Regulation of beta-catenin signaling by the B56 subunit of protein phosphatase 2A. Science 283, 2089-2091.

3850. Segal, D. and Gelbert, W.M. (1985). Shortvein, a new component of the decapentaplegic gene complex in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 109, 119-143.

3851. Seimiya, M. and Gehring, W.J. (2000). The Drosophila homeobox gene optix is capable of inducing ectopic eyes by an eyeless-independent mechanism. Development 127, 1879-1886.

3852. Sekelsky, J.J., Newfeld, S.J., Raftery, L.A., Chartoff, E.H., and Gelbart, W.M. (1995). Genetic characterization and cloning of Mothers against dpp, a gene required for decapentaplegic function in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 139, 1347-1358.

3853. Selleck, M.A.J. and Bronner-Fraser, M. (1995). Origins of the avian neural crest: the role of neural plate-epidermal interactions. Development 121, 525-538.

3854. Selleck, S.B. (2000). Proteoglycans and pattern formation: sugar biochemistry meets developmental genetics. Trends Genet. 16, 206-212.

3855. Selva, E. M., Hong, K., Baeg, G. H., Beverley, S. M., Turco, S. J., Perrimon, N. and Hacker, U. (2001). Dual role of the fringe connection gene in both heparin sulfate and fringe-dependent signalling events. Nature Cell Biol. 3, 809-815.

3856. Sengar, A.S., Wang, W., Bishay, J., Cohen, S., and Egan, S.E. (1999). The EH and SH3 domain Ese proteins regulate endocytosis by linking to dynamin and Eps15. EMBO J. 18, 1159-1171.

3857. Sepp, K.J. and Auld, V.J. (1999). Conversion of lacZ enhancer trap lines to GAL4 lines using targeted transposition in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 151, 1093-1101.

3858. Serafini, T. (1999). Finding a partner in a crowd: neuronal diversity and synaptogenesis. Cell 98, 133-136.

3859. Serikaku, M.A. and O'Tousa, J.E. (1994). sine oculis is a homeobox gene required for Drosophila visual system development. Genetics 138, 1137-1150.

3860. Serrano, N., Brock, H.W., and Maschat, F. (1997). b3-tubulin is directly repressed by the Engrailed protein in Drosophila. Development 124, 2527-2536.

3861. Serrano, N. and Maschat, F. (1998). Molecular mechanism of polyhomeotic activation by Engrailed. EMBO J. 17, 3704-3713.

3862. Serrano, N. and O'Farrell, P.H. (1997). Limb morphogenesis: connections between patterning and growth. Curr. Biol. 7, R186-R195.

3863. Seugnet, L., Simpson, P., and Haenlin, M. (1997). Requirement for dynamin during Notch signaling in Drosophila neurogenesis. Dev. Biol. 192, 585-598.

3864. Sewalt, R.G.A.B., Gunster, M.J., van der Vlag, J., Satijn, D.P.E., and Otte, A.P. (1999). C-terminal binding protein is a transcriptional repressor that interacts with a specific class of vertebrate Polycomb proteins. Mol. Cell. Biol. 19, 777-787.

3865. Seybold, W.D. and Sullivan, D.T. (1978). Protein synthetic patterns during differentiation of imaginal discs in vitro. Dev. Biol. 65, 69-80.

3866. Seydoux, G. and Greenwald, I. (1989). Cell autonomy of lin-12 function in a cell fate decision in C. elegans. Cell 57, 1237-1245.

3867. Shanbhag, S.R., Singh, K., and Singh, R.N. (1992). Ultrastructure of the femoral chordotonal organs and their novel synaptic organization in the legs of Drosophila melanogaster Meigen (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Int. J. Insect Morphol. & Embryol. 21, 311-322.

3868. Shanower, G., Muller, M., Blanton, J., Gyurkovics, H., and Schedl, P. (2001). grappa: a new trithorax/Polycomb-group gene involved in telomere silencing. Proc. 42nd Ann. Drosophila Res. Conf. Abstracts Vol., a98.

3869. Shao, Z., Raible, F., Mollaaghababa, R., Guyon, J.R., Wu, C.-t., Bender, W., and Kingston, R.E. (1999). Stabilization of chromatin structure by PRC1, a Polycomb complex. Cell 98, 37-46.

3870. Shapiro, L. and Colman, D.R. (1999). The diversity of cadherins and implications for a synaptic adhesive code in the CNS. Neuron 23, 427-430.

3871. Sharkey, M., Graba, Y., and Scott, M.P. (1997). Hox genes in evolution: protein surfaces and paralog groups. Trends Genet. 13, 145-151.

3872. Sharp, E.J., Martin, E.C., and Adler, P.N. (1994). Directed overexpression of Suppressor 2 of zeste and Posterior Sex Combs results in bristle abnormalities in Drosophila melanogaster. Dev. Biol. 161, 379-392.

3873. Sharpe, C., Lawrence, N., and Martinez Arias, A. (2001). Wnt signalling: a theme with nuclear variations. BioEssays 23, 311-318.

3874. Sharrocks, A.D., Yang, S.-H., and Galanis, A. (2000). Docking domains and substrate specificity determination for MAP kinases. Trends Biochem. 25, 448-453.

3875. Shashidhara, L.S., Agrawal, N., Bajpai, R., Bharathi, V., and Sinha, P. (1999). Negative regulation of dorsoventral signaling by the homeotic gene Ultrabithorax during haltere development in Drosophila. Dev. Biol. 212, 491-502.

3876. Shaw, G. (1996). The pleckstrin homology domain: an intriguing multifunctional protein module. BioEssays 18, 35-46.

3877. Shaw, S.R. and Meinertzhagen, I.A. (1986). Evolutionary progression at synaptic connections made by identified homologous neurones. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 7961-7965.

3878. Shaw, V.K. and Bryant, P.J. (1975). Intercalary leg regeneration in the large milkweed bug Oncopeltus fasciatus. Dev. Biol. 45, 187-191.

3879. Shaywitz, A.J. and Greenberg, M.E. (1999). CREB: a stimulus-induced transcription factor activated by a diverse array of extracellular signals. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 68, 821-861.

3880. Shearn, A. (1977). Mutational dissection of imaginal disc development in Drosophila melanogaster. Amer. Zool. 17, 585-594.

3881. Shearn, A. (1978). Mutational dissection of imaginal disc development. In "The Genetics and Biology of Drosophila", Vol. 2c (M. Ashburner and T.R.F. Wright, ed.). Acad. Pr.: New York, pp. 443-510.

3882. Shearn, A. (1980). What is the normal function of genes which give rise to homeotic mutations? In "Development and Neurobiology of Drosophila", (O. Siddiqi, P. Babu, L.M. Hall, and J.C. Hall, eds.). Plenum: New York, pp. 155-162.

3883. Shearn, A. (1985). Analysis of transdetermination. In "Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry, and Pharmacology", Vol. 2 (G.A. Kerkut and L.I. Gilbert, ed.). Pergamon Pr.: Oxford, pp. 183-199.

3884. Shearn, A. (1989). The ash-1, ash-2 and trithorax genes of Drosophila melanogaster are functionally related. Genetics 121, 517-525.

3885. Shearn, A., Davis, K.T., and Hersperger, E. (1978). Transdetermination of Drosophila imaginal discs cultured in vitro. Dev. Biol. 65, 536-540.

3886. Shearn, A. and Garen, A. (1974). Genetic control of imaginal disc development in Drosophila. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 71, 1393-1397.

3887. Shearn, A., Martin, A., Davis, K., and Hersperger, E. (1984). Genetic analysis of transdetermination in Drosophila. I. The effects of varying growth parameters using a temperature-sensitive mutation. Dev. Biol. 106, 135-146.

3888. Shearn, A., Rice, T., Garen, A., and Gehring, W. (1971). Imaginal disc abnormalities in lethal mutants of Drosophila. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 68, 2594-2598.

3889. Sheldahl, L.C., Park, M., Malbon, C.C., and Moon, R.T. (1999). Protein kinase C is differentially stimulated by Wnt and Frizzled homologs in a G-protein-dependent manner. Curr. Biol. 9, 695-698.

3890. Sheldon, B.L. (1968). Studies on the scutellar bristles of Drosophila melanogaster. I. Basic variability, some temperature and culture effects, and responses to short-term selection in the Oregon-RC strain. Aust. J. Biol. Sci. 21, 721-740.

3891. Shellenbarger, D.L. and Mohler, J.D. (1978). Temperature-sensitive periods and autonomy of pleiotropic effects of l(1)Nts1, a conditional Notch lethal in Drosophila. Dev. Biol. 62, 432-446.

3892. Shen, C.-P., Jan, L.Y., and Jan, Y.N. (1997). Miranda is required for the asymmetric localization of Prospero during mitosis in Drosophila. Cell 90, 449-458.

3893. Shen, C.-P., Knoblich, J.A., Chan, Y.-M., Jiang, M.-M., Jan, L.Y., and Jan, Y.N. (1998). Miranda as a multidomain adapter linking apically localized Inscuteable and basally localized Staufen and Prospero during asymmetric cell division in Drosophila. Genes Dev. 12, 1837-1846.

3894. Shen, W. and Mardon, G. (1997). Ectopic eye development in Drosophila induced by directed dachshund expression. Development 124, 45-52.

3895. Sheng, G., Thouvenot, E., Schmucker, D., Wilson, D.S., and Desplan, C. (1997). Direct regulation of rhodopsin 1 by Pax-6/eyeless in Drosophila: evidence for a conserved function in photoreceptors. Genes Dev. 11, 1122-1131.

3896. Shepard, S.B., Broverman, S.A., and Muskavitch, M.A.T. (1989). A tripartite interaction among alleles of Notch, Delta, and Enhancer of split during imaginal development of Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 122, 429-438.

3897. Shi, Y. (2001). Structural insights on Smad function in TGFbeta signaling. BioEssays 23, 223-232.

3898. Shi, Y., Wang, Y.-F., Jayaraman, L., Yang, H., Massagué, J., and Pavletich, N.P. (1998). Crystal structure of a Smad MH1 domain bound to DNA: insights on DNA binding in TGF-beta signaling. Cell 94, 585-594.

3899. Shields, J.M., Pruitt, K., McFall, A., Shaub, A., and Der, C.J. (2000). Understanding Ras: "It ain't over 'til it's over". Trends Cell Biol. 10, 147-154.

3900. Shilo, B.-Z. and Raz, E. (1991). Developmental control by the Drosophila EGF receptor homolog DER. Trends Genet. 7, 388-392.

3901. Shimell, M.J., Ferguson, E.L., Childs, S.R., and O'Connor, M.B. (1991). The Drosophila dorsal-ventral patterning gene tolloid is related to human bone morphogenetic protein 1. Cell 67, 469-481.

3902. Shimell, M.J., Simon, J., Bender, W., and O'Connor, M.B. (1994). Enhancer point mutation results in a homeotic transformation in Drosophila. Science 264, 968-971.

3903. Shine, I. and Wrobel, S. (1976). "Thomas Hunt Morgan, Pioneer of Genetics." Kentucky Univ. Pr., Lexington, Kentucky.

3904. Shiomi, K., Takeichi, M., Nishida, Y., Nishi, Y., and Uemura, T. (1994). Alternative cell fate choice induced by low-level expression of a regulator of protein phosphatase 2A in the Drosophila peripheral nervous system. Development 120, 1591-1599.

3905. Shirras, A.D. and Couso, J.P. (1996). Cell fates in the adult abdomen of Drosophila are determined by wingless during pupal development. Dev. Biol. 175, 24-36.

3906. Shishido, E., Higashijima, S.-i., Emori, Y., and Saigo, K. (1993). Two FGF-receptor homologues of Drosophila: one is expressed in mesodermal primordium in early embryos. Development 117, 751-761.

3907. Shore, P. and Sharrocks, A.D. (1995). The MADS-box family of transcription factors. Eur. J. Biochem. 229, 1-13.

3908. Shoresh, M., Orgad, S., Shmueli, O., Werczberger, R., Gelbaum, D., Abiri, S., and Segal, D. (1998). Overexpression Beadex mutations and loss-of-function heldup-a mutations in Drosophila affect the 3' regulatory and coding components, respectively, of the Dlmo Gene. Genetics 150, 283-299.

3909. Shostak, S. (1998). "Death of Life: The Legacy of Molecular Biology." MacMillan, London.

3910. Shtutman, M., Zhurinsky, J., Simcha, I., Albanese, C., D'Amico, M., Pestell, R., and Ben-Ze'ev, A. (1999). The cyclin D1 gene is a target of the beta-catenin/LEF-1 pathway. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 5522-5527.

3911. Shubin, N., Tabin, C., and Carroll, S. (1997). Fossils, genes and the evolution of animal limbs. Nature 388, 639-648.

3912. Shulman, J.M., Perrimon, N., and Axelrod, J.D. (1998). Frizzled signaling and the developmental control of cell polarity. Trends Genet. 14, 452-458.

3913. Shupliakov, O., Löw, P., Grabs, D., Gad, H., Chen, H., David, C., Takei, K., De Camilli, P., and Brodin, L. (1997). Synaptic vesicle endocytosis impaired by disruption of dynamin-SH3 domain interactions. Science 276, 259-263.

3914. Sibatani, A. (1977). Possible interaction of positional information and its interpretation in development: a model. Australian Biochem. Soc. 10, 74.

3915. Sibatani, A. (1981). The Polar Co-ordinate Model for pattern regulation in epimorphic fields: a critical appraisal. J. Theor. Biol. 93, 433-489.

3916. Sibatani, A. (1983). A plausible molecular interpretation of the polar coordinate model with a centripetal degeneracy of distinctive field values. J. Theor. Biol. 103, 421-428.

3917. Sibbons, J.P., Shandala, T., and Saint, R. (2001). Characterisation of the Drosophila dead ringer gene in eye development. Proc. 42nd Ann. Drosophila Res. Conf. Abstracts Vol., a272.

3918. Siddiqi, O. and Rodrigues, V. (1980). Genetic analysis of a complex chemoreceptor. In "Development and Neurobiology of Drosophila", (O. Siddiqi, P. Babu, L.M. Hall, and J.C. Hall, eds.). Plenum: New York, pp. 347-359.

3919. Siegfried, E. (1999). Role of Drosophila Wingless signaling in cell fate determination. In "Cell Lineage and Fate Determination", (S.A. Moody, ed.). Acad. Pr.: New York, pp. 249-271.

3920. Siegfried, E., Ambrosio, L., and Perrimon, N. (1990). Serine/threonine protein kinases in Drosophila. Trends Genet. 6, 357-362.

3921. Siegfried, E., Chou, T.-B., and Perrimon, N. (1992). wingless signaling acts through zeste-white 3, the Drosophila homolog of glycogen synthase kinase-3, to regulate engrailed and establish cell fate. Cell 71, 1167-1179.

3922. Siegfried, E., Perkins, L.A., Capaci, T.M., and Perrimon, N. (1990). Putative protein kinase product of the Drosophila segment-polarity gene zeste-white3. Nature 345, 825-829.

3923. Siegfried, E. and Perrimon, N. (1994). Drosophila wingless: a paradigm for the function and mechanism of Wnt signaling. BioEssays 16, 395-404.

3924. Siegfried, E., Wilder, E.L., and Perrimon, N. (1994). Components of wingless signalling in Drosophila. Nature 367, 76-80.

3925. Siegler, M.V.S. and Jia, X.X. (1999). Engrailed negatively regulates the expression of cell adhesion molecules Connectin and Neuroglian in embryonic Drosophila nervous system. Neuron 22, 265-276.

3926. Sigrist, S., Jacobs, H., Stratmann, R., and Lehner, C.F. (1995). Exit from mitosis is regulated by Drosophila fizzy and the sequential destruction of cyclins A, B and B3. EMBO J. 14, 4827-4838.

3927. Sigrist, S.J. and Lehner, C.F. (1997). Drosophila fizzy-related down-regulates mitotic cyclins and is required for cell proliferation arrest and entry into endocycles. Cell 90, 671-681.

3928. Simcox, A. (1997). Differential requirement for EGF-like ligands in Drosophila wing development. Mechs. Dev. 62, 41-50.

3929. Simcox, A.A., Grumbling, G., Schnepp, B., Bennington-Mathias, C., Hersperger, E., and Shearn, A. (1996). Molecular, phenotypic, and expression analysis of vein, a gene required for growth of the Drosophila wing disc. Dev. Biol. 177, 475-489.

3930. Simcox, A.A., Hersperger, E., Shearn, A., Whittle, J.R.S., and Cohen, S.M. (1991). Establishment of imaginal discs and histoblast nests in Drosophila. Mechs. Dev. 34, 11-20.

3931. Simcox, A.A., Wurst, G., Hersperger, E., and Shearn, A. (1987). The defective dorsal discs gene of Drosophila is required for the growth of specific imaginal discs. Dev. Biol. 122, 559-567. (N.B.: The "ddd" gene studied here was renamed "vein".)

3932. Simin, K., Bates, E.A., Horner, M.A., and Letsou, A. (1998). Genetic analysis of Punt, a type II Dpp receptor that functions throughout the Drosophila melanogaster life cycle. Genetics 148, 801-813.

3933. Simmonds, A., Hughes, S., Tse, J., Cocquyt, S., and Bell, J. (1997). The effect of dominant vestigial alleles upon vestigial-mediated wing patterning during development of Drosophila melanogaster. Mechs. Dev. 67, 17-33.

3934. Simmonds, A.J. and Bell, J.B. (1998). A genetic and molecular analysis of an invectedDominant mutation in Drosophila melanogaster. Genome 41, 381-390.

3935. Simmonds, A.J., Brook, W.J., Cohen, S.M., and Bell, J.B. (1995). Distinguishable functions for engrailed and invected in anterior-posterior patterning in the Drosophila wing. Nature 376, 424-427.

3936. Simmonds, A.J., Liu, X., Soanes, K.H., Krause, H.M., Irvine, K.D., and Bell, J.B. (1998). Molecular interactions between Vestigial and Scalloped promote wing formation in Drosophila. Genes Dev. 12, 3815-3820.

3937. Simmons, D.L. (1993). Dissecting the modes of interactions amongst cell adhesion molecules. Development 1993 Suppl., 193-203.

3938. Simon, J. (1995). Locking in stable states of gene expression: transcriptional control during Drosophila development. Curr. Opin. Cell Biol. 7, 376-385.

3939. Simon, J., Bornemann, D., Lunde, K., and Schwartz, C. (1995). The extra sex combs product contains WD40 repeats and its time of action implies a role distinct from other Polycomb group products. Mechs. Dev. 53, 197-208.

3940. Simon, J., Peifer, M., Bender, W., and O'Connor, M. (1990). Regulatory elements of the bithorax complex that control expression along the anterior-posterior axis. EMBO J. 9, 3945-3956.

3941. Simon, M.A. (1994). Signal transduction during the development of the Drosophila R7 photoreceptor. Dev. Biol. 166, 431-442.

3942. Simon, M.A. (2000). Receptor tyrosine kinases: specific outcomes from general signals. Cell 103, 13-15.

3943. Simon, M.A., Bowtell, D.D.L., Dodson, G.S., Laverty, T.R., and Rubin, G.M. (1991). Ras1 and a putative guanine nucleotide exchange factor perform crucial steps in signaling by the Sevenless protein tyrosine kinase. Cell 67, 701-716.

3944. Simon, M.A., Dodson, G.S., and Rubin, G.M. (1993). An SH3-SH2-SH3 protein is required for p21Ras1 activation and binds to Sevenless and Sos proteins in vitro. Cell 73, 169-177.

3945. Simonelig, M., Elliott, K., Mitchelson, A., and O'Hare, K. (1996). Interallelic complementation at the suppressor of forked locus of Drosophila reveals complementation between Suppressor of forked proteins mutated in different regions. Genetics 142, 1225-1235.

3946. Simons, K. and Ikonen, E. (1997). Functional rafts in cell membranes. Nature 387, 569-572.

3947. Simpson, P. (1976). Analysis of the compartments of the wing of Drosophila melanogaster mosaic for a temperature-sensitive mutation that reduces mitotic rate. Dev. Biol. 54, 100-115.

3948. Simpson, P. (1979). Parameters of cell competition in the compartments of the wing disc of Drosophila. Dev. Biol. 69, 182-193.

3949. Simpson, P. (1981). Growth and cell competition in Drosophila. J. Embryol. Exp. Morph. 65 (Suppl.), 77-88.

3950. Simpson, P. (1990). Lateral inhibition and the development of the sensory bristles of the adult peripheral nervous system of Drosophila. Development 109, 509-519.

3951. Simpson, P. (1990). Notch and the choice of cell fate in Drosophila neuroepithelium. Trends Genet. 6, 343-345.

3952. Simpson, P. (1993). Flipping fruit-flies: a powerful new technique for generating Drosophila mosaics. Trends Genet. 9, 227-228.

3953. Simpson, P. (1996). Drosophila development: A prepattern for sensory organs. Curr. Biol. 6, 948-950.

3954. Simpson, P. (1997). Notch signalling in development: on equivalence groups and asymmetric developmental potential. Curr. Op. Gen. Dev. 7, 537-542.

3955. Simpson, P., Berreur, P., and Berreur-Bonnenfant, J. (1980). The initiation of pupariation in Drosophila: dependence on growth of the imaginal discs. J. Embryol. Exp. Morph. 57, 155-165.

3956. Simpson, P. and Carteret, C. (1989). A study of shaggy reveals spatial domains of expression of achaete-scute alleles on the thorax of Drosophila. Development 106, 57-66.

3957. Simpson, P. and Carteret, C. (1990). Proneural clusters: equivalence groups in the epithelium of Drosophila. Development 110, 927-932.

3958. Simpson, P., El Messal, M., Moscoso del Prado, J., and Ripoll, P. (1988). Stripes of positional homologies across the wing blade of Drosophila melanogaster. Development 103, 391-401.

3959. Simpson, P. and Grau, Y. (1987). The segment polarity gene costal-2 in Drosophila. II. The origin of imaginal pattern duplications. Dev. Biol. 122, 201-209.

3960. Simpson, P., Lawrence, P.A., and Maschat, F. (1981). Clonal analysis of two wing-scalloping mutants of Drosophila. Dev. Biol. 84, 206-211.

3961. Simpson, P. and Morata, G. (1980). The control of growth in the imaginal discs of Drosophila. In "Development and Neurobiology of Drosophila", (O. Siddiqi, P. Babu, L.M. Hall, and J.C. Hall, eds.). Plenum: New York, pp. 129-139.

3962. Simpson, P. and Morata, G. (1981). Differential mitotic rates and patterns of growth in compartments in the Drosophila wing. Dev. Biol. 85, 299-308.

3963. Simpson, P., Ruel, L., Heitzler, P., and Bourouis, M. (1993). A dual role for the protein kinase shaggy in the repression of achaete-scute. Development 1993 Suppl., 29-39.

3964. Simpson, P. and Schneiderman, H.A. (1975). Isolation of temperature sensitive mutations blocking clone development in Drosophila melanogaster, and the effects of a temperature sensitive cell lethal mutation on pattern formation in imaginal discs. Wilhelm Roux's Arch. 178 #247-275.

3965. Simpson, P. and Schneiderman, H.A. (1976). A temperature sensitive mutation that reduces mitotic rate in Drosophila melanogaster. W. Roux's Arch. 179, 215-236.

3966. Simpson, P., Woehl, R., and Usui, K. (1999). The development and evolution of bristle patterns in Diptera. Development 126, 1349-1364.

3967. Sinclair, A.H., Berta, P., Palmer, M.S., Hawkins, J.R., Griffiths, B.L., Smith, M.J., Foster, J.W., Frischauf, A.-M., Lovell-Badge, R., and Goodfellow, P.N. (1990). A gene from the human sex-determining region encodes a protein with homology to a conserved DNA-binding motif. Nature 346, 240-244.

3968. Sinclair, D.A.R., Clegg, N.J., Antonchuk, J., Milne, T.A., Stankunas, K., Ruse, C., Grigliatti, T.A., Kassis, J.A., and Brock, H.W. (1998). Enhancer of Polycomb is a suppressor of position-effect variegation in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 148, 211-220.

3969. Sinclair, D.A.R., Grigliatti, T.A., and Kaufman, T.C. (1984). Effects of a temperature-sensitive Minute mutation on gene expression in Drosophila melanogaster. Genet. Res., Camb. 43, 257-275.

3970. Sinclair, D.A.R., Milne, T.A., Hodgson, J.W., Shellard, J., Salinas, C.A., Kyba, M., Randazzo, F., and Brock, H.W. (1998). The Additional sex combs gene of Drosophila encodes a chromatin protein that binds to shared and unique Polycomb group sites on polytene chromosomes. Development 125, 1207-1216.

3971. Singer, M.A., Hortsch, M., Goodman, C.S., and Bentley, M. (1992). Annulin, a protein expressed at limb segment boundaries in the grasshopper embryo, is homologous to protein cross-linking transglutaminases. Dev. Biol. 154, 143-159.

3972. Singer, M.A., Penton, A., Twombly, V., Hoffmann, F.M., and Gelbart, W.M. (1997). Signaling through both type I DPP receptors is required for anterior-posterior patterning of the entire Drosophila wing. Development 124, 79-89.

3973. Singh, A., Kango-Singh, M., and Sun, Y.H. (2001). teashirt collaborates with Wg to suppress ventral eye development. Proc. 42nd Ann. Drosophila Res. Conf. Abstracts Vol., a202.

3974. Singson, A., Leviten, M.W., Bang, A.G., Hua, X.H., and Posakony, J.W. (1994). Direct downstream targets of proneural activators in the imaginal disc include genes involved in lateral inhibitory signaling. Genes Dev. 8, 2058-2071.

3975. Sipos, L., Mihály, J., Karch, F., Schedl, P., Gausz, J., and Gyurkovics, H. (1998). Transvection in the Drosophila Abd-B domain: extensive upstream sequences are involved in anchoring distant cis-regulatory regions to the promoter. Genetics 149, 1031-1050.

3976. Sisson, J.C., Ho, K.S., Suyama, K., and Scott, M.P. (1997). Costal2, a novel kinesin-related protein in the Hedgehog signaling pathway. Cell 90, 235-245.

3977. Sivasankaran, R., Calleja, M., Morata, G., and Basler, K. (2000). The Wingless target gene Dfz3 encodes a new member of the Drosophila Frizzled family. Mechs. Dev. 91, 427-431.

3978. Sivasankaran, R., Vigano, M.A., Müller, B., Affolter, M., and Basler, K. (2000). Direct transcriptional control of the Dpp target omb by the DNA binding protein Brinker. EMBO J. 19, 6162-6172.

3979. Skaer, H. (1998). Who pulls the string to pattern cell division in Drosophila? Trends Genet. 14, 337-339.

3980. Skaer, N. and Simpson, P. (2000). Genetic analysis of bristle loss in hybrids between Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans provides evidence for divergence of cis-regulatory sequences in the achaete-scute gene complex. Dev. Biol. 221, 148-167.

3981. Skeath, J.B. (1999). At the nexus between pattern formation and cell-type specification: the generation of individual neuroblast fates in the Drosophila embryonic central nervous system. BioEssays 21, 922-931.

3982. Skeath, J.B. and Carroll, S.B. (1991). Regulation of achaete-scute gene expression and sensory organ pattern formation in the Drosophila wing. Genes Dev. 5, 984-995.

3983. Skeath, J.B. and Carroll, S.B. (1992). Regulation of proneural gene expression and cell fate during neuroblast segregation in the Drosophila embryo. Development 114, 939-946.

3984. Skeath, J.B. and Carroll, S.B. (1994). The achaete-scute complex: generation of cellular pattern and fate within the Drosophila nervous system. FASEB J. 8, 714-721.

3985. Skeath, J.B. and Doe, C.Q. (1998). Sanpodo and Notch act in opposition to Numb to distinguish sibling neuron fates in the Drosophila CNS. Development 125, 1857-1865.

3986. Skeath, J.B., Panganiban, G., Selegue, J., and Carroll, S.B. (1992). Gene regulation in two dimensions: the proneural achaete and scute genes are controlled by combinations of axis-patterning genes through a common intergenic control region. Genes Dev. 6, 2606-2619.

3987. Skripsky, T. and Lucchesi, J.C. (1982). Intersexuality resulting from the interaction of sex-specific lethal mutations in Drosophila melanogaster. Dev. Biol. 94, 153-162.

3988. Slack, J.M.W. (1987). Morphogenetic gradients--past and present. Trends Bioch. Sci. 12, 200-204.

3989. Slack, J.M.W. (1994). How to make the gradient. Nature 371, 477-478.

3990. Sliter, T.J. (1989). Imaginal disc-autonomous expression of a defect in sensory bristle patterning caused by the lethal(3)ecdysoneless1 (l(3)ecd1) mutation of Drosophila melanogaster. Development 106, 347-354.

3991. Slusarski, D.C., Motzny, C.K., and Holmgren, R. (1995). Mutations that alter the timing and pattern of cubitus interruptus gene expression in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 139, 229-240.

3992. Small, S., Arnosti, D.N., and Levine, M. (1993). Spacing ensures autonomous expression of different stripe enhancers in the even-skipped promoter. Development 119, 767-772.

3993. Small, S., Blair, A., and Levine, M. (1996). Regulation of two pair-rule stripes by a single enhancer in the Drosophila embryo. Dev. Biol. 175, 314-324.

3994. Smalley, M.J., Sara, E., Paterson, H., Naylor, S., Cook, D., Jayatilake, H., Fryer, L.G., Hutchinson, L., Fry, M.J., and Dale, T.C. (1999). Interaction of Axin and Dvl-2 proteins regulates Dvl-2-stimulated TCF-dependent transcription. EMBO J. 18, 2823-2835.

3995. Smith, A.V. and Orr-Weaver, T.L. (1991). The regulation of the cell cycle during Drosophila embryogenesis: the transition to polyteny. Development 112, 997-1008.

3996. Smith, C.W.J. and Valcárcel, J. (2000). Alternative pre-mRNA splicing: the logic of combinatorial control. Trends Biochem. Sci. 25, 381-388.

3997. Smith, E., Pannuti, A., Allis, C.D., and Lucchesi, J.C. (2001). Mapping of MSL proteins and H4 acetylated at lysine 16 on dosage compensation genes. Proc. 42nd Ann. Drosophila Res. Conf. Abstracts Vol., a90.

3998. Smith, E.R., Belote, J.M., Schiltz, R.L., Yang, X.-J., Moore, P.A., Berger, S.L., Nakatani, Y., and Allis, C.D. (1998). Cloning of Drosophila GCN5: conserved features among metazoan GCN5 family members. Nucl. Acids Res. 26, 2948-2954.

3999. Smith, J. (1996). How to tell a cell where it is. Nature 381, 367-368.

4000. Smith, J. (1997). Brachyury and the T-box genes. Curr. Opin. Gen. Dev. 7, 474-480.

4001. Smith, J. (1999). T-box genes: what they do and how they do it. Trends Genet. 15, 154-158.

4002. Smith, R.K., Carroll, P.M., and Simon, M.A. (2001). Mask, a novel protein involved in receptor tyrosine kinase signaling. Proc. 42nd Ann. Drosophila Res. Conf. Abstracts Vol., a164.

4003. Smith, S.T. and Jaynes, J.B. (1996). A conserved region of engrailed, shared among all en-, gsc-, Nk1-, Nk2- and msh-class homeoproteins, mediates active transcriptional repression in vivo. Development 122, 3141-3150.

4004. Smith, T.F., Gaitatzes, C., Saxena, K., and Neer, E.J. (1999). The WD repeat: a common architecture for diverse functions. Trends Biochem. Sci. 24, 181-185.

4005. Smolen, P., Baxter, D.A., and Byrne, J.H. (2000). Mathematical modeling of gene networks. Neuron 26, 567-580.

4006. Smolik-Utlaut, S.M. (1990). Dosage requirements of Ultrabithorax and bithoraxoid in the determination of segment identity in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 124, 357-366.

4007. Smoller, D., Friedel, C., Schmid, A., Bettler, D., Lam, L., and Yedvobnick, B. (1990). The Drosophila neurogenic locus mastermind encodes a nuclear protein unusually rich in amino acid homopolymers. Genes Dev. 4, 1688-1700.

4008. Snodgrass, R.E. (1935). "Principles of Insect Morphology." McGraw-Hill, New York.

4009. Snodgrass, R.E. (1958). Evolution of arthropod mechanisms. Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 138 #2, i-77.

4010. Snow, M.H.L. and Tam, P.P.L. (1980). Timing in embryological development. Nature 286, 107.

4011. Soll, D.R. (1983). A new method for examining the complexity and relationships of "timers" in developing systems. Dev. Biol. 95, 73-91.

4012. Sondek, J., Bohm, A., Lambright, D.G., Hamm, H.E., and Sigler, P.B. (1996). Crystal structure of a GA protein bg dimer at 2.1 Å resolution. Nature 379, 369-374.

4013. Sondhi, K.C. (1962). The evolution of a pattern. Evolution 16, 186-191.

4014. Sondhi, K.C. (1963). The biological foundations of animal patterns. Quart. Rev. Biol. 38, 289-327.

4015. Sondhi, K.C. (1965). Genetic control of an anteroposterior gradient and its bearing on structural orientation in Drosophila. Genetics 51, 653-657.

4016. Sondhi, K.C. (1970). Dynamics of pattern formation. Genetica 41, 111-118.

4017. Song, Y., Chung, S., and Kunes, S. (2000). Combgap relays Wingless signal reception to the determination of cortical cell fate in the Drosophila visual system. Molec. Cell 6, 1143-1154.

4018. Song, Z., McCall, K., and Steller, H. (1997). DCP-1, a Drosophila cell death protease essential for development. Science 275, 536-540.

4019. Songyang, Z., Fanning, A.S., Fu, C., Xu, J., Marfatia, S.M., Chishti, A.H., Crompton, A., Chan, A.C., Anderson, J.M., and Cantley, L.C. (1997). Recognition of unique carboxyl-terminal motifs by distinct PDZ domains. Science 275, 73-77.

4020. Songyang, Z., Shoelson, S.E., Chaudhuri, M., Gish, G., Pawson, T., Haser, W.G., King, F., Roberts, T., Ratnofsky, S., Lechleider, R.J., Neel, B.G., Birge, R.B., Fajardo, J.E., Chou, M.M., Hanafusa, H., Schaffhausen, B., and Cantley, L.C. (1993). SH2 domains recognize specific phosphopeptide sequences. Cell 72, 767-778.

4021. Sonnenblick, B.P. (1950). The early embryology of Drosophila melanogaster. In "Biology of Drosophila", (M. Demerec, ed.). Hafner: New York, pp. 62-167.

4022. Sonnenfeld, M., Ward, M., Nystrom, G., Mosher, J., Stahl, S., and Crews, S. (1997). The Drosophila tango gene encodes a bHLH-PAS protein that is orthologous to mammalian Arnt and controls CNS midline and tracheal development. Development 124, 4571-4582.

4023. Sonnenfeld, M.J. and Jacobs, J.R. (1994). Mesectodermal cell fate analysis in Drosophila midline mutants. Mechs. Dev. 46, 3-13.

4024. Sotillos, S. and Campuzano, S. (2000). DRacGAP, a novel Drosophila gene, inhibits EGFR/Ras signalling in the developing imaginal wing disc. Development 127, 5427-5438.

4025. Sotillos, S., Roch, F., and Campuzano, S. (1997). The metalloprotease-disintegrin Kuzbanian participates in Notch activation during growth and patterning of Drosophila imaginal discs. Development 124, 4769-4779.

4026. Soto, M.C., Chou, T.-B., and Bender, W. (1995). Comparison of germline mosaics of genes in the Polycomb Group of Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 140, 231-243.

4027. Spana, E.P. and Doe, C.Q. (1996). Numb antagonizes Notch signaling to specify sibling neuron cell fates. Neuron 17, 21-26.

4028. Spana, E.P., Kopczynski, C., Goodman, C.S., and Doe, C.Q. (1995). Asymmetric localization of Numb autonomously determines sibling neuron identity in the Drosophila CNS. Development 121, 3489-3494.

4029. Speicher, S.A., Thomas, U., Hinz, U., and Knust, E. (1994). The Serrate locus of Drosophila and its role in morphogenesis of the wing imaginal discs: control of cell proliferation. Development 120, 535-544.

4030. Spemann, H. (1938). "Embryonic Development and Induction." Yale Univ. Pr., New Haven.

4031. Spencer, E., Jiang, J., and Chen, Z.J. (1999). Signal-induced ubiquitination of IkappaBalpha by the F-box protein Slimb/beta-TrCP. Genes Dev. 13, 284-294.

4032. Spencer, F.A. (1984). "The Decapentaplegic Gene Complex and Adult Pattern Formation in Drosophila." Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard U.,

4033. Spencer, F.A., Hoffmann, F.M., and Gelbart, W.M. (1982). Decapentaplegic: A gene complex affecting morphogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster. Cell 28, 451-461.

4034. Spencer, S.A. and Cagan, R. (2001). E(Elp)24D, an EGF-receptor inhibitor, is essential for R8 patterning. Proc. 42nd Ann. Drosophila Res. Conf. Abstracts Vol., a194.

4035. Spencer, S.A., Powell, P.A., Miller, D.T., and Cagan, R.L. (1998). Regulation of EGF receptor signaling establishes pattern across the developing Drosophila retina. Development 125, 4777-4790.

4036. Spickett, S.G. (1963). Genetic and developmental studies of a quantitative character. Nature 199, 870-873.

4037. Spiegelman, S. (1945). Physiological competition as a regulatory mechanism in morphogenesis. Q. Rev. Biol. 20, 121-146.

4038. Spiegelman, V.S., Slaga, T.J., Pagano, M., Minamoto, T., Ronai, Z., and Fuchs, S.Y. (2000). Wnt/beta-catenin signaling induces the expression and activity of betaTrCP ubiquitin ligase receptor. Molec. Cell 5, 877-882.

4039. Spieth, H.T. (1974). Courtship behavior in Drosophila. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 19, 385-405.

4040. Spink, K.E., Polakis, P., and Weis, W.I. (2000). Structural basis of the Axin-adenomatous polyposis coli interaction. EMBO J. 19, 2270-2279.

4041. Spitzer, N.C. and Sejnowski, T.J. (1997). Biological information processing: bits of progress. Science 277, 1060-1061.

4042. Sprague, G.F., Jr. (1990). Combinatorial associations of regulatory proteins and the control of cell type in yeast. Adv. Genet. 27, 33-62.

4043. Sprang, S.R. (1997). G protein mechanisms: insights from structural analysis. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 66, 639-678.

4044. Sprang, S.R. (1997). GAP into the breach. Science 277, 329-330.

4045. Sprenger, F. and Nüsslein-Volhard, C. (1992). Torso receptor activity is regulated by a diffusible ligand produced at the extracellular terminal regions of the Drosophila egg. Cell 71, 987-1001.

4046. Sprenger, F., Stevens, L.M., and Nüsslein-Volhard, C. (1989). The Drosophila gene torso encodes a putative receptor tyrosine kinase. Nature 338, 478-483.

4047. Sprenger, F., Yakubovich, N., and O'Farrell, P.H. (1997). S-phase function of Drosophila cyclin A and its downregulation in G1 phase. Curr. Biol. 7, 488-499.

4048. Sprey, T.E. (1977). Aldehyde oxidase distribution in the imaginal discs of some diptera. W. Roux's Arch. 183, 1-15.

4049. Sprey, T.E., Eskens, A.A.C., and Kuhn, D.T. (1982). Enzyme distribution patterns in the imaginal wing disc of Drosophila melanogaster and other diptera: A subdivision of compartments into territories. W. Roux's Arch. 191, 301-308.

4050. Sprey, T.E. and Kuhn, D.T. (1987). The regulation of aldehyde oxidase in imaginal wing discs of Drosophila hybrids: Evidence for cis- and trans-acting control elements. Genetics 115, 283-294.

4051. Sprey, T.E., Segal, D., Sprey-Pieters, H.E., and Kuhn, D.T. (1981). Influence of homoeotic genes on the aldehyde oxidase pattern in imaginal discs of Drosophila melanogaster. Dev. Genet. 2, 75-87.

4052. Spudich, J.L., Yang, C.-S., Jung, K.-H., and Spudich, E.N. (2000). Retinylidene proteins: structures and functions from archaea to humans. Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 16, 365-392.

4053. Srinivasan, S., Peng, C.-Y., Nair, S., Skeath, J.B., Spana, E.P., and Doe, C.Q. (1998). Biochemical analysis of Prospero protein during asymmetric cell division: cortical Prospero is highly phosphorylated relative to nuclear Prospero. Dev. Biol. 204, 478-487.

4054. Srivastava, A., Mackay, J.O., and Bell, J.B. (2001). Rescue of a scalloped mutation using a Vestigial, Scalloped TEA domain chimera. Proc. 42nd Ann. Drosophila Res. Conf. Abstracts Vol., a203.

4055. St. Johnston, D. and Nüsslein-Volhard, C. (1992). The origin of pattern and polarity in the Drosophila embryo. Cell 68, 201-219.

4056. St. Johnston, R.D., Hoffmann, F.M., Blackman, R.K., Segal, D., Grimaila, R., Padgett, R.W., Irick, H.A., and Gelbart, W.M. (1990). Molecular organization of the decapentaplegic gene in Drosophila melanogaster. Genes Dev. 4, 1114-1127.

4057. Stade, K., Ford, C.S., Guthrie, C., and Weis, K. (1997). Exportin 1 (Crm1p) is an essential nuclear export factor. Cell 90, 1041-1050.

4058. Staehling-Hampton, K., Hoffmann, F.M., Baylies, M.K., Rushton, E., and Bate, M. (1994). dpp induces mesodermal gene expression in Drosophila. Nature 372, 783-786.

4059. Staehling-Hampton, K., Laughon, A.S., and Hoffmann, F.M. (1995). A Drosophila protein related to the human zinc finger transcription factor PRDII/MBPI/HIV-EP1 is required for dpp signaling. Development 121, 3393-3403.

4060. Stahl, B., Diehlmann, A., and Südhof, T.C. (1999). Direct interaction of Alzheimer's disease-related Presenilin 1 with Armadillo protein p0071. J. Biol. Chem. 274 #14, 9141-9148.

4061. Staley, J.P. and Guthrie, C. (1998). Mechanical devices of the spliceosome: motors, clocks, springs, and things. Cell 92, 315-326.

4062. Stambolic, V., Ruel, L., and Woodgett, J.R. (1996). Lithium inhibits glycogen synthase kinase-3 activity and mimics Wingless signalling in intact cells. Curr. Biol. 6, 1664-1668.

4063. Standley, H.J., Zorn, A.M., and Gurdon, J.B. (2001). eFGF and its mode of action in the community effect during Xenopus myogenesis. Development 128, 1347-1357.

4064. Stanford, N.P., Szczelkun, M.D., Marko, J.F., and Halford, S.E. (2000). One- and three-dimensional pathways for proteins to reach specific DNA sites. EMBO J. 19, 6546-6557.

4065. Stark, J., Bonacum, J., Remsen, J., and DeSalle, R. (1999). The evolution and development of dipteran wing veins: a systematic approach. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 44, 97-129.

4066. Stassen, M.J., Bailey, D., Nelson, S., Chinwalla, V., and Harte, P.J. (1995). The Drosophila trithorax proteins contain a novel variant of the nuclear receptor type DNA binding domain and an ancient conserved motif found in other chromosomal proteins. Mechs. Dev. 52, 209-223.

4067. Stauber, M., Prell, A., and Schmidt-Ott, U. (2001). Evolution of early developmental genes in the insect order Diptera. Proc. 42nd Ann. Drosophila Res. Conf. Abstracts Vol., a12.

4068. Stegman, M.A., Vallance, J.E., Elangovan, G., Sosinski, J., Cheng, Y., and Robbins, D.J. (2000). Identification of a tetrameric Hedgehog signaling complex. J. Biol. Chem. 275 #29, 21809-21812.

4069. Steinberg, J. and Haglund, K. (1994). A screen door to understanding Drosophila genetics. (Landmark Interviews Series). J. NIH Res. 6, 68-77.

4070. Steinberg, M.S. (1963). Reconstruction of tissues by dissociated cells. Science 141, 401-408.

4071. Steinberg, M.S. (1970). Does differential adhesion govern self-assembly processes in histogenesis? Equilibrium configurations and the emergence of a hierarchy among populations of embryonic cells. J. Exp. Zool. 173, 395-434.

4072. Steinberg, M.S. (1981). The adhesive specification of tissue self-organization. In "Morphogenesis and Pattern Formation", (T.G. Connelly, L.L. Brinkley, and B.M. Carlson, eds.). Raven: New York, pp. 179-203.

4073. Steinberg, M.S. and Poole, T.J. (1981). Strategies for specifying form and pattern: adhesion-guided multicellular assembly. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 295, 451-460.

4074. Steinberg, M.S. and Poole, T.J. (1982). Cellular adhesive differentials as determinants of morphogenetic movements and organ segregation. In "Developmental Order: Its Origin and Regulation", Symp. Soc. Dev. Biol., Vol. 40 (S. Subtelny and P.B. Green, ed.). Alan R. Liss: New York, pp. 351-378.

4075. Steindler, D.A. (1993). Glial boundaries in the developing nervous system. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 16, 445-470.

4076. Steiner, E. (1976). Establishment of compartments in the developing leg imaginal discs of Drosophila melanogaster. W. Roux's Arch. 180, 9-30.

4077. Steinmann-Zwicky, M. (1993). Sex determination in Drosophila: sis-b, a major numerator element of the X:A ratio in the soma, does not contribute to the X:A ratio in the germ line. Development 117, 763-767.

4078. Steller, H. (1995). Mechanisms and genes of cellular suicide. Science 267, 1445-1449.

4079. Steller, H., Fischbach, K.-F., and Rubin, G.M. (1987). disconnected: a locus required for neuronal pathway formation in the visual system of Drosophila. Cell 50, 1139-1153.

4080. Steller, H. and Grether, M.E. (1994). Programmed cell death in Drosophila. Neuron 13, 1269-1274.

4081. Stemerdink, C. and Jacobs, J.R. (1997). Argos and Spitz group genes function to regulate midline glial cell number in Drosophila embryos. Development 124, 3787-3796.

4082. Steneberg, P., Hemphälä, J., and Samakovlis, C. (1999). Dpp and Notch specify the fusion cell fate in dorsal branches of the Drosophila trachea. Mechs. Dev. 87, 153-163.

4083. Stent, G.S. (1971). "Molecular Genetics: An Introductory Narrative." W. H. Freeman, San Francisco.

4084. Stent, G.S. (1977). Explicit and implicit semantic content of the genetic information. In "Foundational Problems in the Special Sciences", (R. Butts and J. Hintikka, ed.). D. Reidel: Dordrecht, Holland, pp. 131-149.

4085. Stent, G.S. (1981). Strength and weakness of the genetic approach to the development of the nervous system. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 4, 163-194.

4086. Stent, G.S. (1985). The role of cell lineage in development. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 312, 3-19.

4087. Stent, G.S. (1998). Developmental cell lineage. Int. J. Dev. Biol. 42, 237-241.

4088. Stern, C. (1936). Genetics and ontogeny. Am. Nat. 70, 29-35.

4089. Stern, C. (1936). Somatic crossing over and segregation in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 21, 625-730.

4090. Stern, C. (1940). The prospective significance of imaginal discs in Drosophila. J. Morphol. 67, 107-122.

4091. Stern, C. (1940). Recent work on the relation between genes and developmental processes. Growth Suppl. 1, 19-36.

4092. Stern, C. (1943). Genic action as studied by means of the effects of different doses and combinations of alleles. Genetics 28, 441-475.

4093. Stern, C. (1944). The journey, not the goal. Scientific Monthly 58, 96-100.

4094. Stern, C. (1948). The effects of changes in quantity, combination, and position of genes. Science 108, 615-621.

4095. Stern, C. (1954). Genes and developmental patterns. Proc. 9th Internat. Congr. Genetics Part I, 355-369.

4096. Stern, C. (1954). Two or three bristles. Am. Sci. 42, 213-247.

4097. Stern, C. (1956). The genetic control of developmental competence and morphogenetic tissue interactions in genetic mosaics. Roux's Arch. Dev. Biol. 149, 1-25.

4098. Stern, C. (1956). Genetic mechanisms in the localized initiation of differentiation. Cold Spr. Harb. Symp. Quant. Biol. 21, 375-382.

4099. Stern, C. (1963). The cell lineage of the sternopleura in Drosophila melanogaster. Dev. Biol. 7, 365-378.

4100. Stern, C. (1968). "Genetic Mosaics and Other Essays." Harvard Univ. Pr., Cambridge, Mass.

4101. Stern, C. (1969). Gene expression in genetic mosaics. Genetics 61 (Suppl.), 199-211.

4102. Stern, C. (1969). Richard Benedict Goldschmidt: April 12, 1878 - April 24, 1958. Persp. Biol. Med. 12, 178-203.

4103. Stern, C. (1971). From crossing-over to developmental genetics. In "Stadler Genetics Symposia", Vol. Vols. 1-2 (G. Kimbar and G. Redei, ed.). Univ. of Missouri Pr.: Columbia, pp. 21-28.

4104. Stern, C. (1974). A geneticist's journey. In "Chromosomes and Cancer", (J. German, ed.). Wiley & Sons: New York, pp. xii-xxv.

4105. Stern, C. and Hannah, A.M. (1950). The sex combs in gynanders of Drosophila melanogaster. Portug. Acta. Biol., Ser. A R. B. Goldschmidt Vol., 798-812.

4106. Stern, C. and Schaeffer, E.W. (1943). On primary attributes of alleles in Drosophila melanogaster. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 29, 351-361.

4107. Stern, C. and Schaeffer, E.W. (1943). On wild-type iso-alleles in Drosophila melanogaster. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 29, 361-367.

4108. Stern, C. and Swanson, D.L. (1957). The control of the ocellar bristle by the scute locus in Drosophila melanogaster. J. Faculty Sci. (Zool.), Hokkaido Univ. Ser. 6, Vol. 13, 303-307.

4109. Stern, C. and Tokunaga, C. (1967). Nonautonomy in differentiation of pattern-determining genes in Drosophila. I. The sex comb of eyeless-Dominant. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 57, 658-664.

4110. Stern, C. and Tokunaga, C. (1968). Autonomous pleiotropy in Drosophila. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 60, 1252-1259.

4111. Stern, C.D. and Vasiliauskas, D. (1998). Clocked gene expression in somite formation. BioEssays 20, 528-531.

4112. Stern, D.L. (1998). A role of Ultrabithorax in morphological differences between Drosophila species. Nature 396, 463-466.

4113. Stern, D.L. (2000). Evolutionary developmental biology and the problem of variation. Evolution 54, 1079-1091.

4114. Stern, D.L. and Emlen, D.J. (1999). The developmental basis for allometry in insects. Development 126, 1091-1101.

4115. Sternberg, P.W. (1993). Falling off the knife edge. Curr. Biol. 3, 763-765.

4116. Sternberg, P.W. and Alberola-Ila, J. (1998). Conspiracy theory: RAS and RAF do not act alone. Cell 95, 447-450.

4117. Stevens, L. (1998). Twin peaks: Spitz and Argos star in patterning of the Drosophila egg. Cell 95, 291-294.

4118. Stevens, M.E. and Brower, D.L. (1986). Disruption of positional fields in apterous imaginal discs of Drosophila. Dev. Biol. 117, 326-330.

4119. Stevens, M.E. and Bryant, P.J. (1986). Temperature-dependent expression of the apterous phenotype in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 112, 217-228.

4120. Stevenson, R.D., Hill, M.F., and Bryant, P.J. (1995). Organ and cell allometry in Hawaiian Drosophila: how to make a big fly. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 259, 105-110.

4121. Stewart, M., Murphy, C., and Fristrom, J.W. (1972). The recovery and preliminary characterization of X chromosome mutants affecting imaginal discs of Drosophila melanogaster. Dev. Biol. 27, 71-83.

4122. Stewart, S., Sundaram, M., Zhang, Y., Lee, J., Han, M., and Guan, K.-L. (1999). Kinase suppressor of Ras forms a multiprotein signaling complex and modulates MEK localization. Mol. Cell. Biol. 19, 5523-5534.

4123. Stochaj, U. and Rother, K.L. (1999). Nucleocytoplasmic trafficking of proteins: with or without Ran? BioEssays 21, 579-589.

4124. Stocker, H. and Hafen, E. (2000). Genetic control of cell size. Curr. Opin. Gen. Dev. 10, 529-535.

4125. Stocker, R.F. (1994). The organization of the chemosensory system in Drosophila melanogaster: a review. Cell Tiss. Res. 275, 3-26.

4126. Stocker, R.F. and Gendre, N. (1988). Peripheral and central nervous effects of Lozenge3: a Drosophila mutant lacking basiconic antennal sensilla. Dev. Biol. 127, 12-24.

4127. Stocker, R.F., Gendre, N., and Batterham, P. (1993). Analysis of the antennal phenotype in the Drosophila mutant Lozenge. J. Neurogen. 9, 29-53.

4128. Stokoe, D., Macdonald, S.G., Cadwallader, K., Symons, M., and Hancock, J.F. (1994). Activation of Raf as a result of recruitment to the plasma membrane. Science 264, 1463-1467.

4129. Stollewerk, A. (2000). Changes in cell shape in the ventral neuroectoderm of Drosophila melanogaster depend on the activity of the achaete-scute complex genes. Dev. Genes Evol. 210, 190-199.

4130. Stone, D.M., Hynes, M., Armanini, M., Swanson, T.A., Gu, Q., Johnson, R.L., Scott, M.P., Pennica, D., Goddard, A., Phillips, H., Noll, M., Hooper, J.E., de Sauvage, F., and Rosenthal, A. (1996). The tumor-suppressor gene patched encodes a candidate receptor for Sonic hedgehog. Nature 384, 129-134.

4131. Stowers, R.S., Russell, S., and Garza, D. (1999). The 82F late puff contains the L82 gene, an essential member of a novel gene family. Dev. Biol. 213, 116-130.

4132. Stowers, R.S. and Schwarz, T.L. (1999). A genetic method for generating Drosophila eyes composed exclusively of mitotic clones of a single genotype. Genetics 152, 1631-1639.

4133. Strand, D., Jakobs, R., Merdes, G., Neumann, B., Kalmes, A., Heid, H.W., Husmann, I., and Mechler, B.M. (1994). The Drosophila lethal(2)giant larvae tumor suppressor protein forms homo-oligomers and is associated with nonmuscle myosin II heavy chain. J. Cell Biol. 127, 1361-1373.

4134. Strand, D., Raska, I., and Mechler, B.M. (1994). The Drosophila lethal(2)giant larvae tumor suppressor protein is a component of the cytoskeleton. J. Cell Biol. 127, 1345-1360.

4135. Streit, A. and Stern, C.D. (1999). Establishment and maintenance of the border of the neural plate in the chick: involvement of FGF and BMP activity. Mechs. Dev. 82, 51-66.

4136. Strigini, M. and Cohen, S.M. (1997). A Hedgehog activity gradient contributes to AP axial patterning of the Drosophila wing. Development 124, 4697-4705.

4137. Strigini, M. and Cohen, S.M. (1999). Formation of morphogen gradients in the Drosophila wing. Sems. Cell Dev. Biol. 10, 335-344.

4138. Strigini, M. and Cohen, S.M. (2000). Wingless gradient formation in the Drosophila wing. Curr. Biol. 10, 293-300.

4139. Strödicke, M., Karberg, S., and Korge, G. (2000). Domina (Dom), a new Drosophila member of the FKH/WH gene family, affects morphogenesis and is a suppressor of position-effect variegation. Mechs. Dev. 96, 67-78.

4140. Strub, S. (1977). Developmental potentials of the cells of the male foreleg disc of Drosophila. I. Pattern regulation in intact fragments. W. Roux's Arch. 181, 309-320.

4141. Strub, S. (1977). Developmental potentials of the cells of the male foreleg disc of Drosophila. II. Regulative behaviour of dissociated fragments. W. Roux's Arch. 182, 75-92.

4142. Strub, S. (1979). Heteromorphic regeneration in the developing imaginal primordia of Drosophila. In "Cell Lineage, Stem Cells and Cell Determination", (N. Le Douarin, ed.). North-Holland Pub. Co.: Amsterdam, pp. 311-324.

4143. Strub, S. (1979). Leg regeneration in insects: an experimental analysis in Drosophila and a new interpretation. Dev. Biol. 69, 31-45.

4144. Struhl, G. (1977). Developmental compartments in the proboscis of Drosophila. Nature 270, 723-725.

4145. Struhl, G. (1981). Anterior and posterior compartments in the proboscis of Drosophila. Dev. Biol. 84, 372-385.

4146. Struhl, G. (1981). A blastoderm fate map of compartments and segments of the Drosophila head. Dev. Biol. 84, 386-396.

4147. Struhl, G. (1981). A gene product required for correct initiation of segmental determination in Drosophila. Nature 293, 36-41.

4148. Struhl, G. (1981). A homoeotic mutation transforming leg to antenna in Drosophila. Nature 292, 635-638.

4149. Struhl, G. (1982). Genes controlling segmental specification in the Drosophila thorax. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 79, 7380-7384.

4150. Struhl, G. (1982). Spineless-aristapedia: a homeotic gene that does not control the development of specific compartments in Drosophila. Genetics 102, 737-749.

4151. Struhl, G. (1983). Role of the esc+ gene product in ensuring the selective expression of segment-specific homeotic genes in Drosophila. J. Embryol. Exp. Morph. 76, 297-331.

4152. Struhl, G. (1984). Splitting the bithorax complex of Drosophila. Nature 308, 454-457.

4153. Struhl, G. (1984). A universal genetic key to body plan? Nature 310, 10-11.

4154. Struhl, G. (1989). Differing strategies for organizing anterior and posterior body pattern in Drosophila embryos. Nature 338, 741-744.

4155. Struhl, G. and Adachi, A. (1998). Nuclear access and action of Notch in vivo. Cell 93, 649-660.

4156. Struhl, G. and Adachi, A. (2000). Requirements for Presenilin-dependent cleavage of Notch and other transmembrane proteins. Molec. Cell 6, 625-636.

4157. Struhl, G., Barbash, D.A., and Lawrence, P.A. (1997). Hedgehog acts by distinct gradient and signal relay mechanisms to organise cell type and cell polarity in the Drosophila abdomen. Development 124, 2155-2165.

4158. Struhl, G., Barbash, D.A., and Lawrence, P.A. (1997). Hedgehog organises the pattern and polarity of epidermal cells in the Drosophila abdomen. Development 124, 2143-2154.

4159. Struhl, G. and Basler, K. (1993). Organizing activity of wingless protein in Drosophila. Cell 72, 527-540.

4160. Struhl, G. and Brower, D. (1982). Early role of the esc+ gene product in the determination of segments in Drosophila. Cell 31, 285-292.

4161. Struhl, G., Fitzgerald, K., and Greenwald, I. (1993). Intrinsic activity of the Lin-12 and Notch intracellular domains in vivo. Cell 74, 331-345.

4162. Struhl, G. and Greenwald, I. (1999). Presenilin is required for activity and nuclear access of Notch in Drosophila. Nature 398, 522-525.

4163. Struhl, G., Struhl, K., and Macdonald, P.M. (1989). The gradient morphogen bicoid is a concentration-dependent transcriptional activator. Cell 57, 1259-1273.

4164. Struhl, K. (1991). Mechanisms for diversity in gene expression patterns. Neuron 7, 177-181.

4165. Struhl, K. (1999). Fundamentally different logic of gene regulation in eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Cell 98, 1-4.

4166. Strutt, D.I. (2001). Asymmetric localization of Frizzled and the establishment of cell polarity in the Drosophila wing. Molec. Cell 7, 367-375.

4167. Strutt, D.I. and Mlodzik, M. (1995). Ommatidial polarity in the Drosophila eye is determined by the direction of furrow progression and local interactions. Development 121, 4247-4256.

4168. Strutt, D.I. and Mlodzik, M. (1996). The regulation of hedgehog and decapentaplegic during Drosophila eye imaginal disc development. Mechs. Dev. 58, 39-50.

4169. Strutt, D.I. and Mlodzik, M. (1997). Hedgehog is an indirect regulator of morphogenetic furrow progression in the Drosophila eye disc. Development 124, 3233-3240.

4170. Strutt, D.I., Weber, U., and Mlodzik, M. (1997). The role of RhoA in tissue polarity and Frizzled signalling. Nature 387, 292-295.

4171. Strutt, D.I., Wiersdorff, V., and Mlodzik, M. (1995). Regulation of furrow progression in the Drosophila eye by cAMP-dependent protein kinase A. Nature 373, 705-709.

4172. Strutt, H., Cavalli, G., and Paro, R. (1997). Co-localization of Polycomb protein and GAGA factor on regulatory elements responsible for the maintenance of homeotic gene expression. EMBO J. 16, 3621-3632.

4173. Strutt, H. and Strutt, D. (1999). Polarity determination in the Drosophila eye. Curr. Opin. Gen. Dev. 9, 442-446.

4174. Strutt, H., Thomas, C., Nakano, Y., Stark, D., Neave, B., Taylor, A.M., and Ingham, P.W. (2001). Mutations in the sterol-sensing domain of Patched suggest a role for vesicular trafficking in Smoothened regulation. Curr. Biol. 11, 608-613.

4175. Stuart, E.T., Kioussi, C., and Gruss, P. (1993). Mammalian Pax genes. Annu. Rev. Genet. 27, 219-236.

4176. Stukenberg, P.T., Lustig, K.D., McGarry, T.J., King, R.W., Kuang, J., and Kirschner, M.W. (1997). Systematic identification of mitotic phosphoproteins. Curr. Biol. 7, 338-348.

4177. Sturm, R.A. and Herr, W. (1988). The POU domain is a bipartite DNA-binding structure. Nature 336, 601-604.

4178. Sturtevant, A.H. (1918). An analysis of the effects of selection. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Publ. 264, 1-68.

4179. Sturtevant, A.H. (1925). The effects of unequal crossing-over at the Bar locus in Drosophila. Genetics 10, 117-147.

4180. Sturtevant, A.H. (1929). The claret mutant type of Drosophila simulans: a study of chromosome elimination and of cell-lineage. Z. wiss. Zool. 135, 323-356.

4181. Sturtevant, A.H. (1932). The use of mosaics in the study of the developmental effects of genes. Proc. 6th Internat. Congr. Genet. 1, 304-307.

4182. Sturtevant, A.H. (1961). "Genetics and Evolution. Selected papers of A. H. Sturtevant." W. H. Freeman, San Francisco. (N. B.: Sturtevant's retort to Stern's argument is on p. 145.)

4183. Sturtevant, A.H. (1965). The "fly room". Am. Sci. 53, 303-307.

4184. Sturtevant, A.H. (1965). "A History of Genetics." Harper & Row, New York.

4185. Sturtevant, A.H. (1970). Studies on the bristle pattern of Drosophila. Dev. Biol. 21, 48-61.

4186. Sturtevant, A.H. and Morgan, T.H. (1923). Reverse mutation of the Bar gene correlated with crossing over. Science 57, 746-747.

4187. Sturtevant, A.H. and Schultz, J. (1931). The inadequacy of the sub-gene hypothesis of the nature of the scute allelomorphs of Drosophila. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 17, 265-270.

4188. Sturtevant, M.A., Biehs, B., Marin, E., and Bier, E. (1997). The spalt gene links the A/P compartment boundary to a linear adult structure in the Drosophila wing. Development 124, 21-32.

4189. Sturtevant, M.A. and Bier, E. (1995). Analysis of the genetic hierarchy guiding wing vein development in Drosophila. Development 121, 785-801.

4190. Sturtevant, M.A., O'Neill, J.W., and Bier, E. (1994). Down-regulation of Drosophila Egf-r mRNA levels following hyperactivated receptor signaling. Development 120, 2593-2600.

4191. Sturtevant, M.A., Roark, M., and Bier, E. (1993). The Drosophila rhomboid gene mediates the localized formation of wing veins and interacts genetically with components of the EGF-R signaling pathway. Genes Dev. 7, 961-973.

4192. Sturtevant, M.A., Roark, M., O'Neill, J.W., Biehs, B., Colley, N., and Bier, E. (1996). The Drosophila Rhomboid protein is concentrated in patches at the apical cell surface. Dev. Biol. 174, 298-309.

4193. Stüttem, I. and Campos-Ortega, J.A. (1997). Autonomous and non-autonomous phenotypic expression of Notch mutant cells in Drosophila embryogenesis. Dev. Genes Evol. 207, 82-89.

4194. Su, M.-T., Fujioka, M., Goto, T., and Bodmer, R. (1999). The Drosophila homeobox genes zfh-1 and even-skipped are required for cardiac-specific differentiation of a numb-dependent lineage decision. Development 126, 3241-3251.

4195. Su, M.A., Wisotzkey, R.G., and Newfeld, S.J. (2001). A screen for modifiers of decapentaplegic mutant phenotypes identifies lilliputian, the only member of the Fragile-X/Burkitt's Lymphoma family of transcription factors in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 157, 717-725.

4196. Su, T.T. and O'Farrell, P.H. (1998). Size control: cell proliferation does not equal growth. Curr. Biol. 8, R687-R689.

4197. Subramaniam, V., Bomze, H.M., and López, A.J. (1994). Functional differences between Ultrabithorax protein isoforms in Drosophila melanogaster: evidence from elimination, substitution and ectopic expression of specific isoforms. Genetics 136, 979-991.

4198. Subramaniam, V., Jovin, T.M., and Rivera-Pomar, R.V. (2001). Aromatic amino acids are critical for stability of the Bicoid homeodomain. J. Biol. Chem. 276 #24, 21506-21511.

4199. Sudarsanam, P. and Winston, F. (2000). The Swi/Snf family: nucleosome-remodeling complexes and transcriptional control. Trends Genet. 16, 345-351.

4200. Sudol, M. and Hunter, T. (2000). New wrinkles for an old domain. Cell 103, 1001-1004.

4201. Sulston, J.E., Albertson, D.G., and Thomson, J.N. (1980). The Caenorhabditis elegans male: postembryonic development of nongonadal structures. Dev. Biol. 78, 542-576.

4202. Sulston, J.E., Schierenberg, E., White, J.G., and Thomson, J.N. (1983). The embryonic cell lineage of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Dev. Biol. 100, 64-119.

4203. Sun, B., Hursh, D.A., Jackson, D., and Beachy, P.A. (1995). Ultrabithorax protein is necessary but not sufficient for full activation of decapentaplegic expression in the visceral mesoderm. EMBO J. 14, 520-535.

4204. Sun, F.-L. and Elgin, S.C.R. (1999). Putting boundaries on silence. Cell 99, 459-462.

4205. Sun, H., Charles, C.H., Lau, L.F., and Tonks, N.K. (1993). MKP-1 (3CH134), an immediate early gene product, is a dual specificity phosphatase that dephosphorylates MAP kinase in vivo. Cell 75, 487-493.

4206. Sun, X. and Artavanis-Tsakonas, S. (1996). The intracellular deletions of DELTA and SERRATE define dominant negative forms of the Drosophila Notch ligands. Development 122, 2465-2474.

4207. Sun, X. and Artavanis-Tsakonas, S. (1997). Secreted forms of DELTA and SERRATE define antagonists of Notch signaling in Drosophila. Development 124, 3439-3448.

4208. Sun, Y., Jan, L.Y., and Jan, Y.N. (1998). Transcriptional regulation of atonal during development of the Drosophila peripheral nervous system. Development 125, 3731-3740.

4209. Sun, Y., Jan, L.Y., and Jan, Y.N. (2000). Ectopic scute induces Drosophila ommatidia development without R8 founder photoreceptors. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 6815-6819.

4210. Sun, Y.H., Tsai, C.-J., Green, M.M., Chao, J.-L., Yu, C.-T., Jaw, T.J., Yeh, J.-Y., and Bolshakov, V.N. (1995). white as a reporter gene to detect transcriptional silencers specifying position-specific gene expression during Drosophila melanogaster eye development. Genetics 141, 1075-1086.

4211. Sunio, A., Metcalf, A.B., and Krämer, H. (1999). Genetic dissection of endocytic trafficking in Drosophila using a horseradish peroxidase-Bride of sevenless chimera: hook is required for normal maturation of multivesicular endosomes. Mol. Biol. Cell 10, 847-859.

4212. Sunkel, C.E. and Whittle, J.R.S. (1987). Brista: a gene involved in the specification and differentiation of distal cephalic and thoracic structures in Drosophila melanogaster. Roux's Arch. Dev. Biol. 196, 124-132.

4213. Sutrias-Grau, M. and Arnosti, D.N. (2001). Functional characterization of the dCtBP corepressor in the Drosophila embryo. Proc. 42nd Ann. Drosophila Res. Conf. Abstracts Vol., a126.

4214. Suzuki, D.T. (1970). Temperature-sensitive mutations in Drosophila melanogaster. Science 170, 695-706.

4215. Suzuki, T., Maurel-Zaffran, C., Gahmon, G., and Dickson, B.J. (2001). The receptor tyrosine phosphatase DLAR controls R7 axon targeting in the Drosophila visual system. Proc. 42nd Ann. Drosophila Res. Conf. Abstracts Vol., a253.

4216. Suzuki, T. and Saigo, K. (2000). Transcriptional regulation of atonal required for Drosophila larval eye development by concerted action of Eyes absent, Sine oculis and Hedgehog signaling independent of Fused kinase and Cubitus interruptus. Development 127, 1531-1540.

4217. Svendsen, P.C., Marshall, S.D.G., Kyba, M., and Brook, W.J. (2000). The combgap locus encodes a zinc-finger protein that regulates cubitus interruptus during limb development in Drosophila melanogaster. Development 127, 4083-4093.

4218. Swammerdam, J. (1758). "The Book of Nature." (T. Flloyd, translator), C. G. Seyffert, London. (Reprint Ed., 1978, Arno Press, N. Y.).

4219. Swindells, M.B., Orengo, C.A., Jones, D.T., Hutchinson, E.G., and Thornton, J.M. (1998). Contemporary approaches to protein structure classification. BioEssays 20, 884-891.

4220. Symes, K., Yordán, C., and Mercola, M. (1994). Morphological differences in Xenopus embryonic mesodermal cells are specified as an early response to distinct threshold concentrations of activin. Development 120, 2339-2346.

4221. Szabad, J. and Bryant, P.J. (1982). The mode of action of "discless" mutations in Drosophila melanogaster. Dev. Biol. 93, 240-256.

4222. Szabad, J., Schüpbach, T., and Wieschaus, E. (1979). Cell lineage and development in the larval epidermis of Drosophila melanogaster. Dev. Biol. 73, 256-271.

4223. Szabad, J., Simpson, P., and Nöthiger, R. (1979). Regeneration and compartments in Drosophila. J. Embryol. Exp. Morph. 49, 229-241.

4224. Szabó, K., Jékely, G., and Rørth, P. (2001). Cloning and expression of sprint, a Drosophila homologue of RIN1. Mechs. Dev. 101, 259-262.

4225. Szebenyi, A.L. (1969). Cleaning behaviour in Drosophila melanogaster. Anim. Behav. 17, 641-651.

4226. Szüts, D., Eresh, S., and Bienz, M. (1998). Functional intertwining of Dpp and EGFR signaling during Drosophila endoderm induction. Genes Dev. 12, 2022-2035.

Home page: The Interactive Fly © 1995, 1996 Thomas B. Brody, Ph.D.

The Interactive Fly resides on the
Society for Developmental Biology's Web server.