Abzhanov, A. and Kaufman, T. C. (1999). Homeotic genes and the arthropod head: Expression patterns of the labial, proboscipedia, and Deformed genes in crustaceans and insects. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 96: 10224-10229. PubMed Citation: 10468590

Alper, S. and Kenyon, C. (2002). The zinc finger protein REF-2 functions with the Hox genes to inhibit cell fusion in the ventral epidermis of C. elegans. Development 129: 3335-3348. 12091304

Angelini, D. R., Smith, F. W., Aspiras, A. C., Kikuchi, M. and Jockusch, E. L. (2012). Patterning of the adult mandibulate mouthparts in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum. Genetics 190(2): 639-54. PubMed Citation: 22135350

Antonchuk, J., Sauvageau, G. and Humphries, R. K. (2002). HOXB4-induced expansion of adult hematopoietic stem cells ex vivo. Cell 109: 39-45. 11955445

Awgulewitsch, A. and Jacobs, D. (1992). Deformed autoregulatory element from Drosophila functions in a conserved manner in transgenic mice. Nature 358: 341-4. PubMed Citation: 1353608

Barrow, J. R. and Capecchi, M. R. (1996). Targeted disruption of the Hoxb-2 locus in mice interferes with expression of Hoxb-1 and Hoxb-4. Development 122: 3817-3828. PubMed Citation: 9012503

Becker, H., Renner, S., Technau, G.M. and Berger, C. (2016). Cell-autonomous and non-cell-autonomous function of Hox genes specify segmental neuroblast identity in the gnathal region of the embryonic CNS in Drosophila. PLoS Genet 12: e1005961. PubMed ID: 27015425

Bel-Vialar, S., et al. (2000). Altered retinoic acid sensitivity and temporal expression of Hox genes in Polycomb-M33-deficient mice. Dev. Biol. 224: 238-249. PubMed Citation: 10926763

Boube, M., Hudry, B., Immarigeon, C., Carrier, Y., Bernat-Fabre, S., Merabet, S., Graba, Y., Bourbon, H. M. and Cribbs, D. L. (2014). Drosophila melanogaster Hox Transcription Factors Access the RNA Polymerase II Machinery through Direct Homeodomain Binding to a Conserved Motif of Mediator Subunit Med19. PLoS Genet 10: e1004303. PubMed ID: 24786462

Boxshall, G. A. (2004). The evolution of arthropod limbs. Biological Reviews 79: 253-300. PubMed Citation: 15191225

Breen, T. R. and Harte, P. J. (1993). Trithorax regulates multiple homeotic genes in the different tissue-specific, parasegment-specific and promoter-specific effects on each. Development 117: 119-34. PubMed Citation: 7900984

Brend, T., et al. (2003). Multiple levels of transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation are required to define the domain of Hoxb4 expression. Development 130: 2717-2728. 12736215

Brown, S., et al. (1999). Characterization of the Tribolium Deformed ortholog and its ability to directly regulate Deformed target genes in the rescue of a Drosophila Deformed null mutant. Dev. Genes Evol. 209: 389-398. PubMed Citation: 10370122

Brown, S., et al. (2000). Implications of the Tribolium Deformed mutant phenotype for the evolution of Hox gene function. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 97: 4510-4514. PubMed Citation: 10781053

Cartwright, P., Bowsher, J. and Buss, L. W. (1999). Expression of a Hox gene, Cnox-2, and the division of labor in a colonial hydroid. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 96(5): 2183-2186. PubMed Citation: 10051615

Cerny, A. C., et al. (2005). Breakdown of abdominal patterning in the Tribolium Krüppel mutant jaws. Development 132: 5353-5363. 16280347

Chan, S.-K., et al. (1997). Switching the in vivo specificity of a minimal Hox-responsive element. Development 124: 2007-2014

Couly, G., et al. (1998). Determination of the identity of the derivatives of the cephalic neural crest: incompatibility between Hox gene expression and lower jaw development. Development 125(17): 3445-3459

Creuzet, S., et al. (2002). Negative effect of Hox gene expression on the development of the neural crest-derived facial skeleton. Development 129: 4301-4313. 12183382

Diederich, R. J., Pattatucci, A. M. and Kaufman, T. C. (1991). Developmental and evolutionary implications of labial, Deformed and engrailed expression in the Drosophila head. Development 113: 273-81

Draganescu, A., Levin, J. R. and Tullius, T. D. (1995). Homeodomain proteins: what governs their ability to recognize specific DNA sequences? J Mol Biol 250: 595-608

Eisenmann, D. M., et al. (1998). The beta-catenin homolog BAR-1 and LET-60 Ras coordinately regulate the Hox gene lin-39 during Caenorhabditis elegans vulval development. Development 125(18): 3667-3680

Ekker, S. C., et al. (1994). The degree of variation in DNA sequence recognition among four Drosophila homeotic proteins. EMBO J 13: 3551-3560

Ferris, G.F. (1950). External Morphology of the Adult, pp. 368-419 in Demerec, M. (editor). Biology of Drosophila, Wiley and Sons, New York.

Florence, B. and McGinnis, W. (1998). A genetic screen of the Drosophila X chromosome for mutations that modify Deformed function. Genetics 150: 1497-1511

Folberg, A., et al. (1999). Hoxd4 and Rarg interact synergistically in the specification of the cervical vertebrae. Mech Dev. 89: 65-74.

Friedrich, J., Sorge, S., Bujupi, F., Eichenlaub, M. P., Schulz, N. G., Wittbrodt, J. and Lohmann, I. (2016). Hox function is required for the development and maintenance of the Drosophila feeding motor unit. Cell Rep 14: 850-860. PubMed ID: 26776518

Gallitano-Mendel, A. and Finkelstein, R. (1998). Ectopic orthodenticle expression alters segment polarity gene expression but not head segment identity in the Drosophila embryo. Dev. Biol. 199(1): 125-137

Gans, C., and Northcutt, R. G. (1983). Neural crest and the origin of vertebrates: A New Head. Science 220: 268-274

Kaufman, T.C., Seeger, M.A. and Olsen, G. (1990). Molecular and genetic organization of the Antennapedia Complex of Drosophila melanogaster. Adv Genet 27: 309-362

Gellon, G., et al. (1997). A genetic screen for modifiers of Deformed homeotic function identifies novel genes required for head development. Development 124(17): 3321-3331

Gilthorpe, J., et al. (2002). Spatially specific expression of Hoxb4 is dependent on the ubiquitous transcription factor NFY. Development 129: 3887-3899. 12135926

Gonzalez-Reyes, A., Macias, A. and Morata, G. (1992). Autocatalysis and phenotypic expression of Drosophila homeotic gene Deformed: its dependence on polarity and homeotic gene function. Development 116: 1059-68

Gould, A., et al. (1997). Positive cross-regulation and enhancer sharing: two mechanisms for specifying overlapping Hox expression patterns. Genes Dev. 11: 900-913

Grant, K., Hanna-Rose, W. and Han, M. (2000). sem-4 promotes vulval cell-fate determination in Caenorhabditis elegans through regulation of lin-39 Hox. Dev. Biol. 224(2): 496-506. 10926783

Grapin-Botton, A., et al. (1995). Plasticity of transposed rhombomeres: Hox gene induction is correlated with phenotypic modifications. Development 121: 2707-2721

Grapin-Botton, A., Bonnin, M.-A. and Le Douarin, N. M. (1997). Hox gene induction in the neural tube depends on three parameters: competence, signal supply and paralogue group. Development 124: 849-859

Harding, K. W., et al. (1995). A screen for modifiers of Deformed function in Drosophila. Genetics 140: 1339-1352

Haerry, T. E., and Gehring, W. J. (1997). A conserved cluster of homeodomain binding sites in the mouse Hoxa-4 intron functions in Drosophila embryos as an enhancer that is directly regulated by Ultrabithorax. Dev. Biol. 186: 1-15

Hassan, B, et al. (1997). Prospero is a panneural transcription factor that modulates homeodomain protein activity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 94(20): 10991-10996.

Heuer, J. G. and Kaufman, T. C. (1992). Homeotic genes have specific functional roles in the establishment of the Drosophila embryonic peripheral nervous system. Development 115: 35-47

Hirth, F., Hartmann, B. and Reichert, H. (1998). Homeotic gene action in embryonic brain development of Drosophila. Development 125: 1579-1589

Hoopengardner, B. and Helfand, S. L. (2002). Temperature compensation and temporal expression mediated by an enhancer element in Drosophila. Mech. Dev. 110(1-2): 27-37. 11744366

Horan, G. S., et al. (1994). Homeotic transformation of cervical vertebrae in Hoxa-4 mutant mice. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91: 12644-8

Horan, G. S., Kovacs, E. N., Behringer R. R. and Featherstone, M. S. (1995). Mutations in paralogous Hox genes result in overlapping homeotic transformations of the axial skeleton: evidence for unique and redundant function. Dev. Biol. 169: 359-372

Hughes, C. L. and Kaufman, T. C. (2000). RNAi analysis of Deformed, proboscipedia and Sex combs reduced in the milkweed bug Oncopeltus fasciatus: novel roles for Hox genes in the Hemipteran head. Development 127: 3683-3694

Irvine, S. Q. and Martindale, M. Q. (2000). Expression patterns of anterior Hox genes in the polychaete Chaetopterus: Correlation with morphological boundaries. Dev. Biol. 217: 333-351

Jack, T. and McGinnis, W. (1990). Establishment of the Deformed expression stripe requires the combinatorial action of coordinate, gap and pair-rule proteins. EMBO J 9: 1187-98

Joshi, R., et al. (2007). Functional specificity of a Hox protein mediated by the recognition of minor groove structure. Cell 131: 530-543. PubMed Citation: 17981120

Joshi, R., Sun, L. and Mann, R. (2010). Dissecting the functional specificities of two Hox proteins. Genes Dev. 24(14): 1533-45. PubMed Citation: 20634319

Kant, R. and Goldstein, R. S. (1999). Plasticity of axial identity among somites: cranial somites can generate vertebrae without expressing Hox genes appropriate to the trunk. Dev. Biol. 216(2): 507-20

Keegan, L. P., et al (1997). A sequence conserved in vertebrate Hox gene introns functions as an enhancer regulated by posterior homeotic genes in Drosophila imaginal discs. Mech. Dev. 63(2): 145-157

Kuert, P. A., Hartenstein, V., Bello, B. C., Lovick, J. K. and Reichert, H. (2014). Neuroblast lineage identification and lineage-specific Hox gene action during postembryonic development of the subesophageal ganglion in the Drosophila central brain. Dev Biol 390: 102-115. PubMed ID: 24713419

Kokubo, H., et al. (1997). Involvement of the Bombyx Scr gene in development of the embryonic silk gland. Dev. Biol. 186(1): 46-57

Kourakis, M. J., et al. (1997). Conserved anterior boundaries of Hox gene expression in the central nervous system of the leech Helobdella. Dev. Biol. 190(2): 284-300

Kuziora, M. A. and McGinnis, W. (1990). Altering the regulatory targets of the Deformed protein in Drosophila embryos by substituting the Abdominal-B homeodomain. Mech Dev 33: 83-93

Kyba, M., Perlingeiro, R. C. R. and Daley, G. Q. (2002). HoxB4 confers definitive lymphoid-myeloid engraftment potential on embryonic stem cell and yolk sac hematopoietic progenitors. Cell 109: 29-37. 11955444

Li, X., Murre, C. and McGinnis, W. (1999a). Activity regulation of a Hox protein and a role for the homeodomain in inhibiting transcriptional activation. EMBO J. 18: 198-211

Li, X., Veraksa, A. and McGinnis, W. (1999b). A sequence motif distinct from Hox binding sites controls the specificity of a Hox response element. Development 126: 5581-5589

Lin, L. and McGinnis, W. (1992). Mapping functional specificity in the Dfd and Ubx homeo domains. Genes Dev 6: 1071-81

Locascio, A., et al. (1999). Patterning the ascidian nervous system: structure, expression and transgenic analysis of the CiHox3 gene. Development 126: 4737-4748

Lohmann, I., McGinnis, N., Bodmer, M. and McGinnis, W. (2002). The Drosophila Hox gene Deformed sculpts head morphology via direct regulation of the apoptosis activator reaper. Cell 110: 457-466. 12202035

Lou, L., Bergson, C. and McGinnis, W. (1995). Deformed expression in the Drosophila central nervous system is controlled by an autoactivated intronic enhancer. Nucleic Acids Res 23: 3481-3487

Lu, Q., et al. (1995). Both Pbx1 and E2A-Pbx1 bind the DNA motif ATCAATCAA cooperatively with the products of multiple murine Hox genes, some of which are themselves oncogenes. Mol. Cell. Biol. 15 (7): 3786-3795

Mahaffey, J. W., Diederich, R. J. and Kaufman, T. C. (1989). Novel patterns of homeotic protein accumulation in the head of the Drosophila embryo. Development 105: 167-74

Mahaffey, J. W., Griswold, C. M. and Cao, Q. M. (2001). The Drosophila genes disconnected and disco-related are redundant with respect to larval head development and accumulation of mRNAs from deformed target genes. Genetics 157: 225-236. 11139504

Manley, N. R., et al. (2001). Hoxb2 and Hoxb4 act together to specify ventral body wall formation. Dev. Bio. 237: 130-144. 11518511

Manzanares M., et al. (1999). The role of kreisler in segmentation during hindbrain development. Dev. Biol. 211(2): 220-37

Manzanares, M., et al. (2001). Independent regulation of initiation and maintenance phases of Hoxa3 expression in the vertebrate hindbrain involve auto- and cross-regulatory mechanisms. Development 128: 3595-3607. 11566863

Martinez-Arias, A., et al. (1987). The spatial and temporal deployment of Dfd and Scr transcripts throughout development of Drosophila. Development 100: 673-83. PubMed Citation: 2450726

McGinnis, N., et al. (1998). A cap ‘n’ collar protein isoform contains a selective Hox repressor function. Development 125: 4553-4564. PubMed Citation: 9778513

Merrill, V. K., Turner, F. R. and Kaufman, T. C. (1987). A genetic and developmental analysis of mutations in the Deformed locus in Drosophila melanogaster. Dev Biol 122: 379-95. PubMed Citation: 3109984

Metscher , B. D. et al. (1997). Homeobox genes in axolotl lateral line placodes and neuromasts. Dev. Genes Evol. 207: 287-295

Miller, D. F. B., et al. (2001). Cross-regulation of Hox genes in the Drosophila melanogaster embryo. Mech. Dev. 102: 3-16. 11287177

Mohler, J., et al. (1991). Segmentally restricted, cephalic expression of a leucine zipper gene during Drosophila embryogenesis. Mech. Dev. 34: 3-9. PubMed Citation: 1911393

Mohler, J., Mahaffey, J.W., Deutsch, E., and Vani, K. (1995). Control of Drosophila head segment identity by the bZIP homeotic gene cnc. Development 121: 237-247. PubMed Citation: 7867505

Morey, C., et al. (2007). Nuclear reorganisation and chromatin decondensation are conserved, but distinct, mechanisms linked to Hox gene activation. Development 134: 909-919. Medline abstract: 17251268

Morrison, A., et al. (1995). Comparative analysis of chicken Hoxb-4 regulation in transgenic mice. Mech. Dev. 53: 47-59

Morrison, A., et al. (1997). HOXD4 and regulation of the group 4 paralog genes. Development 124(16): 3135-3146

Murali, T., et al. (2011). DroID 2011: a comprehensive, integrated resource for protein, transcription factor, RNA and gene interactions for Drosophila. Nucleic Acids Res 39: D736-D743. Pubmed: 21036869

Nolte, C., et al. (2003). The role of a retinoic acid response element in establishing the anterior neural expression border of Hoxd4 transgenes. Mech. Dev. 120: 325-335. 12591602

O'Hara, E., Cohen, B., Cohen, S.M., McGinnis, W. (1993) Distal-less is a downstream gene of Deformed required for ventral maxillary identity. Development 117(3): 847-56

Packer, A. I., et al. (1998). Expression of the murine Hoxa4 gene requires both autoregulation and a conserved retinoic acid response element. Development 125: 1991-1998

Pederson, J. A., et al. (2000). Regulation by homeoproteins: A comparison of Deformed-responsive elements. Genetics 156: 677-686. PubMed Citation: 11014815

Pellegrino, M. W., et al. (2011). LIN-39 and the EGFR/RAS/MAPK pathway regulate C. elegans vulval morphogenesis via the VAB-23 zinc finger protein. Development 138(21): 4649-60. PubMed Citation: 21989912

Phelan, M. L., Rambaldi, I. and Feathersone, M. S. (1995) Cooperative interactions between HOX and PBX proteins mediated by a conserved peptide motif. Mol Cell Biol 15 (8): 3989-3997

Phelan, M. L. and Featherstone, M. S. (1997). Distinct HOX N-terminal arm residues are responsible for specificity of DNA recognition by HOX monomers and HOX.PBX heterodimers. J. Biol. Chem. 272 (13): 8635-8643\

Pinsonneault, J., et al. (1997). A model for extradenticle function as a switch that changes HOX proteins from repressors to activators. EMBO J. 16: 2032-42

Prince, V. E., et al. (1998a). Zebrafish hox genes: expression in the hindbrain region of wild-type and mutants of the segmentation gene, valentino. Development 125(3): 393-406

Prince, V. E., Price, A. L. and Ho, R. K. (1998b). Hox gene expression reveals regionalization along the anteroposterior axis of the zebrafish notochord. Dev. Genes Evol. 208(9): 517-522

Prin, F., Serpente, P., Itasaki, N. and Gould, A. P. (2014). Hox proteins drive cell segregation and non-autonomous apical remodelling during hindbrain segmentation. Development 141: 1492-1502. PubMed ID: 24574009

Regier, J. C., et al. (2010). Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences. Nature 463: 1079-1083. PubMed Citation: 20147900

Regulski, M., et al. (1987). Developmental and molecular analysis of Deformed; a homeotic gene controlling Drosophila head development. EMBO J 6: 767-77

Reinitz, J. and Levine, M. (1990). Control of the initiation of homeotic gene expression by the gap genes giant and tailless in Drosophila. Dev Biol 140: 57-72

Restifo, L. L. and Merrill, V. K. (1994). Two Drosophila regulatory genes, Deformed and the Broad-Complex, share common functions in development of adult CNS, head, and salivary glands. Dev Biol 162: 465-485

Restifo, L. L. and Hauglum, W. (1998). Parallel molecular genetic pathways operate during CNS metamorphosis in Drosophila. Mol. Cell. Neurosci. 11: 134-48

Robertson, L. K., et al. (2004). An interactive network of zinc-finger proteins contributes to regionalization of the Drosophila embryo and establishes the domains of HOM-C protein function. Development 131: 2781-2789. 15142974

Ronco, M., et al. (2008). Antenna and all gnathal appendages are similarly transformed by homothorax knock-down in the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus. Dev. Biol. 313: 80-92. PubMed Citation: 18061158

Rusch, D. B. and Kaufman, T. C. (2000). Regulation of proboscipedia in Drosophila by homeotic selector genes. Genetics 156: 183-194

Saenz-Robles, M. T., et al. (1995). Selection and characterization of sequences with high affinity for engrailed proteins of Drosophila. Mech. Dev. 53: 185-195

Sanchez-Higueras, C., Sotillos, S. and Castelli-Gair Hombria, J. (2013). Common origin of insect trachea and endocrine organs from a segmentally repeated precursor. Curr Biol. 24(1):76-81. PubMed ID: 24332544

Searcy, R. D. and Yutzey, K. E. (1998). Analysis of Hox gene expression during early avian heart development. Dev. Dyn. 213(1): 82-91

Serpente, P., Tumpel, S., Ghyselinck, N. B., Niederreither, K., Wiedemann, L. M., Dolle, P., Chambon, P., Krumlauf, R. and Gould, A. P. (2005). Direct crossregulation between retinoic acid receptor {beta} and Hox genes during hindbrain segmentation. Development 132(3): 503-13. 15634700

Simonnet, F., and Moczek, A. P. (2011). Conservation and diversification of gene function during mouthpart development in Onthophagus beetles. Evol. Dev. 13: 280-289. PubMed Citation: 21535466

Sorge, S., Ha, N., Polychronidou, M., Friedrich, J., Bezdan, D., Kaspar, P., Schaefer, M. H., Ossowski, S., Henz, S. R., Mundorf, J., Ratzer, J., Papagiannouli, F. and Lohmann, I. (2012). The cis-regulatory code of Hox function in Drosophila. EMBO J 31: 3323-3333. Pubmed: 22781127

Stephan, R., Goellner, B., Moreno, E., Frank, C. A., Hugenschmidt, T., Genoud, C., Aberle, H. and Pielage, J. (2015). Hierarchical microtubule organization controls axon caliber and transport and determines synaptic structure and stability. Dev Cell 33: 5-21. PubMed ID: 25800091

Stultz, B. G., Lee, H., Ramon, K. and Hursh, D. A. (2006). Decapentaplegic head capsule mutations disrupt novel peripodial expression controlling the morphogenesis of the Drosophila ventral head. Dev Biol 296: 329-339. Pubmed: 16814276

Stultz, B. G., Park, S. Y., Mortin, M. A., Kennison, J. A. and Hursh D. A. (2012). Hox proteins coordinate peripodial decapentaplegic expression to direct adult head morphogenesis in Drosophila. Dev. Biol. 369(2): 362-76. PubMed Citation: 22824425

Suzuki, Y., Squires, D. C. and Riddiford, L. M. (2009). Larval leg integrity is maintained by Distalless and is required for proper timing of metamorphosis in the flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum. Dev. Biol. 326: 60-67. PubMed Citation: 19022238

Takács-Vellai, K., et al. (2007). Transcriptional control of Notch signaling by a HOX and a PBX/EXD protein during vulval development in C. elegans. Dev. Biol. 302: 661-669. Medline abstract: 17084835

Takihara, Y., et al. (1997). Targeted disruption of the mouse homologue of the Drosophila polyhomeotic gene leads to altered anteroposterior patterning and neural crest defects. Development 124: 3673-3682

Tennyson, V. M., et al. (1998). Fetal development of the enteric nervous system of transgenic mice that overexpress the Hoxa-4 gene. Dev. Dyn. 211(3): 269-291

Turchyn, N., et al. (2011) Evolution of nubbin function in hemimetabolous and holometabolous insect appendages. Dev. Biol. 357: 83-95. PubMed Citation: 21708143

Veraksa, A., et al. (2000). Cap'n'collar B cooperates with a small Maf subunit to specify pharyngeal development and suppress Deformed homeotic function in the Drosophila head. Development 127: 4023-4037

Walldorf, U., Binner, P. and Fleig, R. (2000). Hox genes in the honey bee Apis mellifera. Dev. Genes Evol. 210: 483-492. 11180797

Watari, N., et al. (2001). Hoxa3 regulates integration of glossopharyngeal nerve precursor cells. Dev. Biol. 240(1): 15-31. 11784044

Wiellette, E. L. and McGinnis, W. (1999). Hox genes differentially regulate Serrate to generate segment-specific structures. Development 126(9): 1985-1995

Wong, V. Y. and Macagno, E. R. (1998). Lox6, a leech Dfd ortholog, is expressed in the central nervous system and in peripheral sensory structures. Dev. Genes Evol. 208(1): 51-5

Yi, B. and Sommer, R. J. (2007). The pax-3 gene is involved in vulva formation in Pristionchus pacificus and is a target of the Hox gene lin-39. Development 134(17): 3111-9. Medline abstract: 17652349

Zeng, C., et al. (1994). Deformed protein binding sites and cofactor binding sites are required for the function of a small segment-specific regulatory element in Drosophila embryos. EMBO J 13: 2362-77

Zhang, F., et al. (1997). Elements both 5' and 3' to the murine Hoxd4 gene establish anterior borders of expression in mesoderm and neurectoderm. Mech. Dev. 67(1): 49-58

Zhang, F., Kovacs, E. N. and Featherstone, M. S. (2000). Murine Hoxd4 expression in the CNS requires multiple elements including a retinoic acid response element. Mech. Dev. 96: 79-89

Zhao, Y. and Potter, S. S. (2002). Functional comparison of the Hoxa 4, Hoxa 10, and Hoxa 11 homeoboxes. Dev. Biol. 244: 21-36. 11900456

Zhu, A. and Kuziora, M. A. (1996). Functional domains in the Deformed protein. Development 122: 1577-87

Deformed : Biological Overview | Evolutionary Homologs | Regulation | Protein Interactions | Developmental Biology | Effects of Mutation

date revised: 13 July 2014

Home page: The Interactive Fly © 1997 Thomas B. Brody, Ph.D.

The Interactive Fly resides on the
Society for Developmental Biology's Web server.